Friday, October 27

Golden-throated barbet images

   ›      ›   Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii images
Taxonomic classification   <>   Images
The golden-throated barbet (Psilopogon franklinii) belongs to the family Megalaimidae under the order Piciformes.

Golden-throated barbet taxonomy

The family Megalaimidae was first introduced by Edward Blyth (23 December 1810 – 27 December 1873), an English zoologist, in the year 1852. The Megalaimidae comprises two subfamilies, namely, Megalaiminae and Caloramphinae.

The subfamily Megalaiminae is monotypic and comprises the genus Psilopogon. This genus was first described by Dr. Salomon Müller (April 7, 1804 – December 29, 1864), a German naturalist, in the year 1836.

The genus Psilopogon comprises about 31 species. The species Psilopogon pyrolophus is the type species of this genus. The species Psilopogon franklinii was first introduced by Edward Blyth in the year 1842.

The species Psilopogon franklinii is polytypic and comprises two subspecies, viz., Psilopogon franklinii franklinii (Blyth, 1842) and Psilopogon franklinii ramsayi (Walden, 1875).
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Psilopogon franklinii
Species:P. franklinii
Genus:Psilopogon
Subfamily:-
Family:Megalaimidae
Order:Piciformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
1.Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
image by Francesco Veronesi

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Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
2.Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
image by JJ Harrison

Psilopogon franklinii
3.Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
image by Francesco Veronesi

Psilopogon franklinii
4.Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
image by Jason Thompson

Psilopogon franklinii
5.Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
image by Jason Thompson

Psilopogon franklinii
6.Psilopogon franklinii
image by Dibyendu Ash

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1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Golden-throated_Barbet_-_Bhutan_S4E0602_(15788610633).jpg (cropped)
Author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 10/26/17
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Megalaima_franklinii_-_Mae_Wong.jpg (cropped)
Author: JJ Harrison | License: CC BY 3.0
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/34246343936/ (cropped)
Author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 10/26/17
4.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/79492850@N00/8464829738/ (cropped)
Image author: Jason Thompson | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/26/17
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/79492850@N00/8470533642/ (cropped)
Author: Jason Thompson | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/26/17
6.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/ (cropped)
Image author: Dibyendu Ash | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
Current topic in Birds of India: Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii images.
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Thursday, October 26

Golden-throated barbet

   ›      ›   Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii

The golden-throated barbet (Psilopogon franklinii) belongs to the family of Asian barbets, the Megalaimidae.

The golden-throated barbet species is distributed in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Laos, Vietnam and Malaysia. These barbet species have bristles fringing their bills. These barbets are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Golden-throated Barbet Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The golden-throated barbet (Psilopogon franklinii) is an Asian barbet, measuring 20 to 25 cm in length and weighing 50 to 100 grams.

The adult golden-throated barbet has overall green plumage. The crown and the upper throat are yellow. The lower throat is whitish. The forehead is reddish. There is a broad blackish eye stripe.

The sides of the face is silvery gray. The upperparts are dark green and the lowerparts are pale green. The tail is short and the undertail is bluish. Both the male and female look similar. The juveniles have duller plumage.

The bill is dark and heavy. It is fringed by bristles. The irises are dark brown. The feet are gray. Their call is a trill followed by "kukow..kukow..kukow" sound.
Indian birds - Picture of Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
1.Birds of India - Image of Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii by JJ Harrison

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Birds of India - Photo of Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
2.Indian birds - Picture of Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii by Francesco Veronesi

Indian birds - Image of Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii
3.Birds of India - Photo of Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii by Francesco Veronesi

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The golden-throated barbet species are distributed in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Laos, Vietnam and Malaysia.

In India, these barbet species are distributed in the states of Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram.

The golden-throated barbet nominate subspecies P. f. franklinii is distributed in Nepal, Bhutan, northeast India, north Myanmar, south China (Tibet, Yunnan, southwest Guangxi), northern Thailand, northern Laos and northern Vietnam.

The golden-throated barbet subspecies P. f. ramsayi is distributed in central Myanmar, northwest Thailand and Malaysia.

Ecosystem and habitat

These golden-throated barbet species have high forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 900 to 2700 meters.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these golden-throated barbet species include, montane forests, tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests, evergreen forests, moist montane shrublands, moist deciduous forests, steep ravines and riverine habitats.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these golden-throated barbet consists mainly of fruits. Berries, wild fruits, orchard fruits and figs are their primary food. Occasionally they feed on insects.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of the golden-throated barbet species is from March to August in India. In Malaysia the breeding season is from February to May. The nests are excavated in trees. These birds are monogamous and territorial.

Migration and movement patterns

These golden-throated barbet species are non-migratory resident birds. The birds in higher altitudes may move to lower levels during winter.

Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. They may make local movements for feeding and breeding within their range.

Golden-throated barbet - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Psilopogon franklinii
  • Species author: (Blyth, 1842)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Bucco Franklinii Blyth, 1842, Megalaima franklinii
  • Family: Megalaimidae › Piciformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Golden-throated barbet, Chinese: 金喉拟鴷, French: Barbu de Franklin, German: Weißwangen-Bartvogel, Spanish: Barbudo de Franklin, Russian: Золотистогорлый бородастик, Japanese: キンノドゴシキドリ, Malay: Burung Takor Gunung
  • Other names: Necklaced Barbet
  • Distribution: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia
  • Diet and feeding habits: fruits, berries, figs
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the golden-throated barbet (Psilopogon franklinii) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

Throughout its range, this barbet species is reported to be common to locally very common. The generation length is 8.5 years. Its distribution size is about 4,010,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction and capture for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of this barbet species.

IUCN and CITES status

The golden-throated barbet (Psilopogon franklinii) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the barbet species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘ Not Evaluated’ for golden-throated barbet (Psilopogon franklinii).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Psilopogon franklinii
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Piciformes
Family:Megalaimidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Psilopogon
Species:P. franklinii
Binomial name:Psilopogon franklinii
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The golden-throated barbet (Psilopogon franklinii) is closely related to the necklaced barbet (Psilopogon auricularis).

The two recognized subspecies of the golden-throated barbet (Psilopogon franklinii) are: Psilopogon franklinii franklinii (Blyth, 1842) and Psilopogon franklinii ramsayi (Walden, 1875).
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1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Megalaima_franklinii_-_Mae_Wong.jpg (cropped)
Image author: JJ Harrison | License: CC BY 3.0
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Golden-throated_Barbet_-_Bhutan_S4E0602_(15788610633).jpg (cropped)
Image author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 10/26/17
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/34246343936/ (cropped)
Image author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 10/26/17
Current topic in Birds of India: Golden-throated barbet - Psilopogon franklinii.
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Wednesday, October 25

Jungle owlet photos

   ›      ›   Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum photos
Taxonomic classification   <>   Photos
The jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) belongs to the family Strigidae under the order Strigiformes.

Jungle owlet taxonomy

The family Strigidae was first described by William Elford Leach, MD, FRS (2 February 1791 – 25 August 1836), an English zoologist and marine biologist, in a guide to the contents of the British Museum published in the year 1820. The family Strigidae comprises about 25 extant genera and 189 species.

The genus Glaucidium was first introduced by Friedrich Boie (4 June 1789 – 3 March 1870), a German entomologist, herpetologist, ornithologist and lawyer, in the year 1826. The genus Glaucidium comprises about 31 species.

The species Glaucidium radiatum was first introduced by Colonel Samuel Richard Tickell (19 August 1811 – 20 April 1875), a British army officer, artist, linguist and ornithologist, in the year 1833. The species G. radiatum is polytypic and comprises two subspecies, viz., Glaucidium radiatum radiatum and Glaucidium radiatum malabaricum.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Glaucidium radiatum
Species:G. radiatum
Genus:Glaucidium
Subfamily:-
Family:Strigidae
Order:Strigiformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
1.Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
Photo by Sandeep Gangadharan

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Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
2.Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
Photo by Rudraksha Chodankar

Glaucidium radiatum
3.Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
Photo by Bikash Das

Glaucidium radiatum
4.Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
Photo by Rushil2u

Glaucidium radiatum
5.Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
Photo by Sandeep Gangadharan

Glaucidium radiatum
6.Glaucidium radiatum
Photo by Raman Kumar

Glaucidium radiatum
7.Glaucidium radiatum
Photo by Selvaganesh17

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1.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/23285057@N04/5778825934 (cropped)
Author: Sandeep Gangadharan | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/24/17
2.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jungle_Owlet-9272_(cropped).jpg (cropped)
Author: Rudraksha Chodankar | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
3.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bikashdas/15660075755/ (cropped)
Author: Bikash Das | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/24/17
4.Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org (cropped)
Author: Rushil2u | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
5.Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/sandeepak/2599399663/in/photostream/ (cropped)
Author: Sandeep Gangadharan | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/24/17
6.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org (cropped)
Author: Raman Kumar | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
7.Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org (cropped)
Author: Selvaganesh17 | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
Current topic in Birds of India: Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum photos.
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Tuesday, October 24

Jungle owlet

   ›      ›   Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum

The jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) belongs to the family of typical owls and owlets, Strigidae.

The jungle owlet species is distributed in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. These owlet species are crepuscular, mainly active at dawn and dusk. These owlets are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Jungle Owlet Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) is a small owlet, measuring 20 to 22 cm in length and weighing 90 to 120 grams.

The adult jungle owlet has round head and fine barring all over the body. The head, back and wings are brownish gray with white barring. The facial disc is indistinct and barred brown and cream. The subspecies G. r. malabaricum are more brownish.

These owlets have distinct white eyebrows. The tail is blackish brown with narrow white barring. The underparts are paler with broad brownish gray barring.

The bill is pale gray and curved. The irises are yellow. The legs are pale gray. Their call is a loud, barbet-like trilling "prao..prao..prao" sound.
Indian birds - Picture of Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
1.Birds of India - Image of Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum by Rudraksha Chodankar

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Birds of India - Photo of Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
2.Indian birds - Picture of Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum by Sandeep Gangadharan

Indian birds - Image of Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum
3.Birds of India - Photo of Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum by Bikash Das

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The jungle owlet species are distributed in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

In India, these owlet species are distributed in the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan.

The jungle owlet nominate subspecies G. r. radiatum is distributed in India (except southwestern India), Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and western Myanmar. The subspecies G. r. malabaricum is distributed in southwest India (Malabar and Nilgiris regions).

Ecosystem and habitat

These jungle owlet species have moderate forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 2000 meters. The artificial ecosystems of these species include agricultural fields, rural gardens and plantations.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these jungle owlet species include, tropical and subtropical dry forests, secondary forests, dry shrublands, moist shrublands, dry grasslands, deciduous forests, scrub forests, wetlands and riverine habitats.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these jungle owlet consists mainly of insects. Small rodents, insects, locusts, grasshoppers, cicadas, lizards, snakes, frogs, bird eggs and nestlings are their primary food.

These owlets are mostly crepuscular, being active mainly at dawn and dusk. The peak foraging time is an hour before sunrise and an hour after sunset. Occasionally they hunt during the day.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of the jungle owlet species is from March to May in India. In Nepal the breeding season is from March to June. Their nesting sites are tree cavities. These birds are monogamous and territorial.

The nest is a unlined tree hollow. The nest may be located as high as six meters above the ground. The typical clutch contains 2-4 eggs. Both the parents incubate the eggs and take care of hatchlings.

Migration and movement patterns

These jungle owlet species are non-migratory resident birds. The birds in higher altitudes may move to lower levels during winter.

Post breeding, the juvenile owlets may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. They may make local movements for feeding and breeding within their range.

Jungle owlet - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Glaucidium radiatum
  • Species author: (Tickell, 1833)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Strix Radiata Tickell, 1833
  • Family: Strigidae › Strigiformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Jungle owlet, Chinese: 丛林鸺鹠, French: Chevêchette de jungle, German: Dschungelzwergkauz, Spanish: Mochuelo de jungla, Russian: Джунглевый воробьиный сыч, Japanese: モリスズメフクロウ, Tamil: Chinna Kattu Aandhai
  • Other names: barred jungle owlet
  • Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar
  • Diet and feeding habits: insects, beetles, locusts, grasshoppers, cicadas, crickets, lizards, rodents, small birds, frogs
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

Throughout its range, this owlet species is reported to be fairly common. The generation length is 3.8 years. Its distribution size is about 3,470,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, hunting for traditional medicine and capture for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of this owlet species.

IUCN and CITES status

The jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the owlet species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘ Not Evaluated’ for jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Glaucidium radiatum
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Strigiformes
Family:Strigidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Glaucidium
Species:G. radiatum
Binomial name:Glaucidium radiatum
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) is closely related to the chestnut-backed owlet (Glaucidium castanotum).

The two recognized subspecies of jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) are: Glaucidium radiatum radiatum (Tickell, 1833) and Glaucidium radiatum malabaricum (Blyth, 1846).
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1.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jungle_Owlet-9272_(cropped).jpg (cropped)
Photo author: Rudraksha Chodankar | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
2.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/23285057@N04/5778825934 (cropped)
Photo author: Sandeep Gangadharan | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/24/17
3.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bikashdas/15660075755/ (cropped)
Photo author: Bikash Das | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/24/17
Current topic in Birds of India: Jungle owlet - Glaucidium radiatum.
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Monday, October 23

Greater coucal photos

   ›      ›   Greater coucal - Centropus sinensis photos
Taxonomic classification   <>   Photos
The greater coucal (Centropus sinensis) belongs to the family Cuculidae under the order Cuculiformes.

Greater coucal taxonomy

The family Cuculidae comprises six subfamilies and is divided into about thirty genera. This family was first described by William Elford Leach, MD, FRS (2 February 1791 – 25 August 1836), an English zoologist and marine biologist, in the year 1820.

The type species (Cuculus canorus) of this family was first introduced by Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, in the year 1758.

The genus Centropus was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the year 1766. The genus Centropus comprises about 30 species.

The species Centropus sinensis was first introduced (as Polophilus sinensis) by James Francis Stephens (16 September 1792 – 22 December 1852), an English entomologist and naturalist, in the year 1815.

The species Centropus sinensis is polytypic and comprises six subspecies, C. s. sinensis, C. s. parroti, C. s. intermedius, C. s. anonymus, C. s. bubutus and C. s. kangeangensis.

.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Centropus sinensis
Species:C. sinensis
Genus:Centropus
Subfamily:-
Family:Cuculidae
Order:Cuculiformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Greater coucal - Centropus sinensis
1.Greater coucal - Centropus sinensis
Photo by Shivramsagar

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Centropus sinensis
3.Greater coucal - Centropus sinensis
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4.Greater coucal - Centropus sinensis
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5.Greater coucal - Centropus sinensis
Photo by Dhaval Vargiya

Centropus sinensis
6.Greater coucal - Centropus sinensis
Photo by J.M.Garg

Centropus sinensis
7.Centropus sinensis juvenile
Photo by J.M.Garg

Centropus sinensis
8.Greater coucal - Centropus sinensis
Photo by Selvaganesh17

Centropus sinensis
9.Centropus sinensis
Photo by Selvaganesh17

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1.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Greater_Coucal_in_Perundurai.JPG (cropped)
Author: Shivramsagar | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
2.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (cropped)
Author: Shantanu Kuveskar | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
3.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (cropped)
Author: ARUN THANGARAJ | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
4.Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crow-crow-pheasant-from-kottayam-kerala.jpg (cropped)
Author: Deepugn | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
5.Photo source: https://en.wikipedia.org (cropped)
Author: Dhaval Vargiya | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
6.Photo source: https://en.wikipedia.org (cropped)
Author: J.M.Garg | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
7.Source: https://en.wikipedia.org (cropped)
Author: J.M.Garg | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
8.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org (cropped)
Author: Selvaganesh17 | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
9.Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org (cropped)
Author: Selvaganesh17 | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
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