The Indian cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) belongs to the family of cuckoos, Cuculidae.
These species of cuckoos are distributed in Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and temperate East Asia. These Indian cuckoos are brood parasites, laying eggs in the nest of other birds and rely on the host to raise their young. There are two recognized subspecies of these cuckoos.
|Overview & Quick Facts||Description & Identification|
|Pictures||Distribution & Range|
|Ecosystem & Habitat||Diet & Feeding Behavior|
|Breeding Habits||Migration & Movement Patterns|
|Conservation & Survival||IUCN Status|
|Taxonomy & Classification||Bird World|
Indian cuckoo - Overview
- Scientific name: Cuculus micropterus
- Species author: Gould, 1837
- Synonyms/Protonym: Cuculus micropterus Gould, 1838
- Family: Cuculidae › Cuculiformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
- Vernacular names: English: Indian cuckoo, Chinese: 四声杜鹃, French: Coucou à ailes courtes, German: Kurzflügelkuckuck, Spanish: Cuco alicorto, Russian: Индийская кукушка, Japanese: セグロカッコウ, Indonesian: Belanda mabok
- Other names: Short-winged Cuckoo
- Distribution: Indian subcontinent, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, vietnam, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Philippines
- Diet and feeding habits: caterpillars, butterflies, grasshoppers, ants, locusts, cicadas, berries, fruits
- IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)
Appearance, physical description and identificationThe Indian cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) is a medium-sized slender bird, measuring 30 to 35 cm in length and weighing 120 grams.
The female cuckoo has slightly paler throat and more brown plumage. The juvenile has brown upperside with white bands and streaks. The underside in juvenile is whitish with brownish bands and streaks. The cuckoo call is a repeated, loud, flute-like "ko-ka-ta-ko" sound.
|Image of Indian cuckoo - Cuculus micropterus|
|Picture of Indian cuckoo - Cuculus micropterus by Gary Albert|
|Photo of Indian cuckoo - Cuculus micropterus|
Origin, geographical range and distributionThese cuckoo species are distributed in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, China, Russia, North Korea, South Korea, Maldives, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, vietnam, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Philippines. Vagrant birds occur in Japan and Pakistan.
The Indian cuckoo subspecies C. m. micropterus is distributed in Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, China, Russia, Korea, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. They winter in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. The subspecies C. m. concretus is distributed in southern Vietnam, Cambodia, southern Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia.
Ecosystem and habitatThese Indian cuckoo species are moderately forest dependent. They inhabit various woodland ecosystems. They inhabit deciduous and evergreen forests, farmlands, fallow agricultural fields, parks, rural gardens, plantations, montane and submontane forests, degraded forests, subtropical forests, tropical moist lowlands, dry tropical shrubland, temperate shrubland and temperate forests. They occur in altitudes of 0 to 2800 meters.
Diet and feeding behaviorThe diet of these cuckoo species is mostly caterpillars, butterflies, grasshoppers, ants, locusts and cicadas. They glean insects on the upper canopy. They also feed on berries and fruits. They also “hawk” airborne termites and ants.
Reproduction and breeding habitsThe breeding season of these cuckoo species is from May to July in Indian subcontinent. The breeding season is from January to August in Malaysia. The cuckoo species are brood parasites, laying eggs in the nest of other birds and rely on the host to raise their young. Normally one egg is laid in the nests of host species. In India, the hosts are drongos and crows. The cuckoo hatchling may heave out other eggs and nestlings of the host.
Migration and movement patternsThese cuckoo species are sedentary and resident birds in the southern parts of their range.
Conservation and survivalThe global population size of the Indian cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) is not quantified. The overall population size of these cuckoo species is considered to be stable. Throughout its ranges it is common and widespread. Their generation length is 7 years.
The cuckoo does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.
IUCN statusThe IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the Indian cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) and has listed it as of "Least Concern".
1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Indian_Cuckoo_(Cuculus_micropterus)_(7472697996).jpg
Image author: Faisal Akram | License: CC BY-SA 2.0
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/8225770@N06/2388102175/
Image author: Gary Albert | License: CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 (as on 2016-12-18)
3.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Indian_Cuckoo_(J).jpg
Image author: Sandeep Gangadharan | License: CC BY 2.0
Current topic: Indian cuckoo - Cuculus micropterus.