Thursday, April 19

Red-backed shrike images

   ›      ›   Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) belongs to the family Laniidae under the order Passeriformes.

Red-backed shrike taxonomy

The family Laniidae comprises a group of carnivorous passerine birds known as shrikes. The family Laniidae was first introduced by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz (October 22, 1783 – September 18, 1840), a zoologist, botanist, writer and polyglot, in the year 1815.

The family Laniidae comprises four genera, viz., Eurocephalus, Corvinella, Urolestes and Lanius. The genus Lanius was first described by Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, in the year 1758.

The genus Lanius comprises about 30 species, including Lanius collurio. The species Lanius collurio was first introduced by Carl Linnaeus in the year 1758.

"The specific collurio is from Ancient Greek kollurion, a bird mentioned by Aristotle. The common English name "shrike" is from Old English scríc, "shriek", referring to the shrill call".
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Lanius collurio
Species:L. collurio
Genus:Lanius
Subfamily:-
Family:Laniidae
Order:Passeriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
1.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio 358
Image by Soner Bekir


Lanius collurio
2.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
Image by Antonios Tsaknakis

Lanius collurio
3.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
Image by Derek Keats

Lanius collurio
4.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
Image by Andreas Eichler

Lanius collurio
5.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
Image by Derek Keats

Lanius collurio
6.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
Image by Andreas Eichler

Lanius collurio
7.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
Image by Juan lacruz

Lanius collurio
8.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
Image by Frank Vassen

Lanius collurio
9.Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
Image by Bernard DUPONT
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1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kizilsirtli_orumcekkusu.jpg (cropped)
Author: Soner Bekir | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/18/18
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Red-backed_shrike.jpg (cropped)
Author: Antonios Tsaknakis | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/18/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dkeats/16401568363/in/photostream/ (cropped)
Author: Derek Keats | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 4/18/18
4.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2016.05.07.-05-Viernheim--Neuntoeter-Maennchen.jpg (cropped)
Author: Andreas Eichler | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/18/18
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dkeats/17020858091/ (cropped)
Author: Derek Keats | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 4/18/18
6.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2016.05.07.-04-Viernheim--Neuntoeter-Maennchen.jpg (cropped)
Author: Andreas Eichler | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/18/18
7.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alcaud%C3%B3n_dorsirrojo.jpg (cropped)
Author: Juan lacruz | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/18/18
8.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/42244964@N03/4664102545/ (cropped)
Author: Frank Vassen | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 4/18/18
9.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/berniedup/15915570063/ (cropped)
Author: Bernard DUPONT | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 4/18/18
Current topic in : Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio images.
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Wednesday, April 18

Red-backed shrike

   ›      ›   Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio

The red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) belongs to the family of shrikes, the Laniidae.

The red-backed shrike species is distributed in Europe, central west Asia, Mediterranean region and south and east Africa. These shrike species often impale their prey on thorns and barbs. These shrikes are monotypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Red-backed Shrike Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) is a small sized shrike, measuring 16 to 20 cm in length and weighing 20 to 35 grams. These birds are sexually dimorphic.

The male red-backed shrike has bluish-gray head and a broad black eye mask combining the supercilium and lore. The upperparts are reddish (rather chestnut). The throat and underparts are whitish with pink tinge. The uppertail is black with white outer margin.

The female and juvenile red-backed shrikes lack the black eye mask. The upperparts are brownish with vermiculation. The underparts are buff and also vermiculated. The distal end of the undertail is dark brown in both male and female.

The bill is black and the tip of the upper mandible is hooked. The irises are black. There is a dark gray eye-ring. The legs and feet are gray. The call of these species is a loud, muffled "cha..cha..cha" or "kah..kah..kah" sound.
Indian birds - Image of Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
1.Birds of India - Photo of Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio by Antonios Tsaknakis


Birds of India - Photo of Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
2.Indian birds - Photo of Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio by Soner Bekir

Indian birds - Photo of Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio
3.Birds of India - Photo of Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio by Derek Keats

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The red-backed shrikes are distributed in Europe, central and west Asia, Mediterranean region and south and east Africa. Autumn passage migrants occur in Gujarat state in India, Pakistan and northern Africa.

The Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA) of these red-backed shrikes in Belgium are, Marche en Famenne, Lesse et Lomme, Hautes Fagnes/Eifel, Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse and Côte Bajocienne.

Some of the IBA of these shrikes in France are, Vallée du Régino, Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye, Vallée de l'Aisne, Val de Saône, Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt, Sologne Bourbonnaise, Ried de Colmar et Sélestat and Arjuzanx.

The IBA of the red-backed shrike in Netherlands are, Veluwe, Duinen Terschelling, Duinen Schiermonnikoog, Duinen Ameland and Bargerveen. The IBA in Russia is Buzulukski forest.

Ecosystem and habitat

These red-backed shrike species have low forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 3200 meters.

The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include rural gardens, plantations, agricultural lands, pasturelands and urban areas.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these red-backed shrike species include tropical and subtropical high altitude grasslands, temperate grasslands and shrublands, boreal and temperate forests, dry savanna and wetlands.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these red-backed shrike species consists mainly of insects. Beetles, grasshoppers, locusts, dragon flies, crickets, moths, caterpillars, spiders and small vertebrates are their primary food.

These shrike species glean insects in the foliage and pick them from ground. They also feed by flycatching. Prey animals are often impaled on thorns.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these red-backed shrike species is from May to July in most of their breeding range. In some rare cases a second brood is raised.

These species are monogamous. The nesting sites are located low down in dense thorny bushes. The nest is a cup-like structure woven with twigs, grass, moss, fur and reed. The clutch contains three to seven white eggs with gray and pink spots.

Migration and movement patterns

These red-backed shrike species are fully migratory birds. The breeding populations are distributed in the Europe, central and west Asia and Mediterranean region during summer.

The species migrate southwards in September to south and east Africa for wintering. They are regular autumn passage migrants in Gujarat state in India, Pakistan and northern Africa.

Red-backed shrike - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Lanius collurio
  • Species author: Linnaeus, 1758
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Lanius collurio Linnaeus, 1758
  • Family: Laniidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Red-backed shrike, Chinese: 红背伯劳, French: Pie-grièche écorcheur, German: Neuntöter, Spanish: Alcaudón dorsirrojo, Russian: Обыкновенный жулан, Japanese: セアカモズ
  • Other names: Common Shrike, Brown-backed shrike
  • Distribution: Europe, western Asia, south and east Africa
  • Diet and feeding habits: insects, small vertebrates
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) is estimated to number about 24,000,000 to 48,000,000 mature individual birds. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be decreasing.

In most of its range, this species is reported to be scarce to common. The generation length is 4 years. Its distribution size is about 18,900,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, agricultural expansion, reduction in prey population and capture of adults and juveniles for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these species.

IUCN and CITES status

The red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the shrike species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Lanius collurio
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Laniidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Lanius
Species:L. collurio
Binomial name:Lanius collurio
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) is closely related to the brown shrike (Lanius cristatus), red-tailed shrike (Lanius phoenicuroides) and Daurian shrike (Lanius isabellinus).
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1.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Red-backed_shrike.jpg (cropped)
Photo author: Antonios Tsaknakis | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/18/18
2.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kizilsirtli_orumcekkusu.jpg (cropped)
Photo author: Soner Bekir | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/18/18
3.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dkeats/16401568363/in/photostream/ (cropped)
Photo author: Derek Keats | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 4/18/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Red-backed shrike - Lanius collurio.
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Tuesday, April 17

Orange minivet

   ›      ›   Orange minivet - Pericrocotus flammeus

The orange minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) belongs to the family of cuckooshrikes and minivets, the Campephagidae.

The orange minivet species is distributed in southwest India and Sri Lanka. This minivet species was formerly considered a subspecies of the scarlet minivet. These birds are monotypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Orange Minivet Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The orange minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) is a medium sized minivet, measuring 18 to 23 cm in length and weighing 20 to 25 grams.

The male orange minivet has glossy black head, chin, throat and mantle. The wings have orange patches. The underparts, rump and undertail coverts are orange. The tail is black.

The female has gray upperparts and yellow underparts. The supercilium is yellow and the lore is gray. The irises are dark brown. The rump and uppertail are black.

The bill is black and the tip of the upper mandible is hooked. The irises are black. There is a dark gray eye-ring. The legs and feet are gray. The call of these species is a loud, whistling "sweep..sweep..sweep" or "weep..weep..wip..wip" sound.
Birds of India - Image of male Pericrocotus flammeus
1.Indian birds - Image of Orange minivet male - Pericrocotus flammeus by Vimal Rajyaguru


Indian birds - Image of female Pericrocotus flammeus
2.Birds of India - Image of Orange minivet female - Pericrocotus flammeus by Hafiz Issadeen

Birds of India - Image of Pericrocotus flammeus
3.Indian birds - Image of Orange minivet - Pericrocotus flammeus by Karunakanth

Indian birds - Image of Orange minivet - Pericrocotus flammeus
4.Birds of India - Image of Orange minivet - Pericrocotus flammeus by N A Nazeer

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The orange minivet species (Pericrocotus flammeus) was earlier considered nominate subspecies of scarlet minivet (nineteen subspecies). It is now elevated as a monotypic species. It is distributed in southwest India and Sri Lanka.

In India, these minivet species are distributed in the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Ecosystem and habitat

These orange minivet species have medium forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 2000 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species includes rural gardens and plantations.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these species include tropical and subtropical moist montane forests, semi-evergreen and deciduous forests, tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests and swamp forests.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these orange minivet species consists mainly of insects. Beetles, grasshoppers, locusts, crickets, moths, caterpillars and spiders are their primary food.

These minivet species glean insects in the foliage. They also feed by flycatching. They form small foraging flocks.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these orange minivet species is from June to October in peninsular India. The laying season is from February to May and also during August and September (second brood) in Sri Lanka.

These species are monogamous. They nest high up in top story. The nest is cup-like structure woven with grass, twigs and spiders' webs. The clutch contains two to four spotted pale green eggs. The incubation is mostly done by the female.

Migration and movement patterns

These orange minivet species are non-migratory resident birds. The populations in higher altitudes descent to lower levels in winter.

Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

Orange minivet - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Pericrocotus flammeus
  • Species author: (Forster, 1781)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Muscicapa flammea J. R. Forster, 1781
  • Family: Campephagidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Orange minivet, Chinese: 赤红山椒鸟, French: Grand Minivet, German: Scharlachmennigvogel, Spanish: Minivet escarlata, Russian: Огненнобрюхий длиннохвостый, Japanese: ヒイロサンショウクイ
  • Other names: Flame Minivet, Scarlet minivet
  • Distribution: India, Sri Lanka
  • Diet and feeding habits: insects, beetles, caterpillars
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the orange minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

In most of its range, this species is reported to be scarce to common. The generation length is not known. Its distribution size is not known.

Habitat alteration and destruction, deforestation and capture of adults and juveniles for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these species.

IUCN and CITES status

The orange minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the minivet species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the orange minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Pericrocotus flammeus
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. flammeus
Binomial name:Pericrocotus flammeus
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The Pericrocotus flammeus is closely related to Pericrocotus speciosus.
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1.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Orange_Minivet,_Ganeshgudi,_28_FEB_2016,_Vimal_Rajyaguru.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Vimal Rajyaguru | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/17/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/yimhafiz/4868910588/in/photostream/ (cropped)
Image author: Hafiz Issadeen | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 4/17/18
3.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/ (cropped)
Image author: Karunakanth | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/17/18
4.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Orange_Minivet_(Pericrocotus_flammeus_flammeus)_male_by_N._A._Nazeer.jpg (cropped)
Image author: N A Nazeer | License: CC BY-SA 2.5 IN as on 4/17/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Orange minivet - Pericrocotus flammeus.
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Monday, April 16

Rufous-bellied woodpecker images

   ›      ›   Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The rufous-bellied woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus) belongs to the family Picidae under the order Piciformes.

Rufous-bellied woodpecker taxonomy

The Picidae is the family of woodpeckers, piculets, wrynecks and sapsuckers. The family Picidae was first described by William Elford Leach, MD, FRS (2 February 1791 – 25 August 1836), an English zoologist and marine biologist, in the year 1820.

The family Picidae comprises four subfamilies, viz., Picumninae, Jynginae, Nesoctitinae and Picinae. The subfamily Picinae was introduced by Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte (24 May 1803 – 29 July 1857), a French biologist and ornithologist, in the year 1838.

The subfamily Picinae comprises 30 genera, including genus Dendrocopos. The genus Dendrocopos was first described by Carl Ludwig Koch (21 September 1778 – 23 August 1857), a German entomologist and arachnologist, in the year 1816.

The genus Dendrocopos comprises twelve species, including Dendrocopos hyperythrus. The species D. hyperythrus is polytypic and comprises four subspecies, viz., D. h. hyperythrus, D. h. marshalli, D. h. annamensis and D. h. subrufinus.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Species:D. hyperythrus
Genus:Dendrocopos
Subfamily:-
Family:Picidae
Order:Piciformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
1.Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus 333
Image by AJIT HOTA


Dendrocopos hyperythrus
2.Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Image by Prateik Kulkarni

Dendrocopos hyperythrus
3.Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Image by Francesco Veronesi

Dendrocopos hyperythrus
4.Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Image by Kannan AS

Dendrocopos hyperythrus
5.Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Image by Ron Knight

Dendrocopos hyperythrus
6.Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Image by gkrishna63

Dendrocopos hyperythrus
7.Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Image by gkrishna63

Dendrocopos hyperythrus
8.Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Image by Kishore Bhargava
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1.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_rufous-bellied_woodpecker_in_dense_forest_of_Himalayas.jpg (cropped)
Author: AJIT HOTA | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/15/18
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (cropped)
Author: Prateik Kulkarni | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/15/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/16384511346/ (cropped)
Author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 4/15/18
4.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rufous-bellied_woodpecker_in_Pangot,_Uttarkhand,_India.jpg (cropped)
Author: Kannan AS | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 4/15/18
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/sussexbirder/8077009620/ (cropped)
Author: Ron Knight | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 4/15/18
6.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/gkrishna/9757941033/
Author: gkrishna63 | License: CC BY-ND 2.0 as on 4/15/18
7.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/gkrishna/9757676582/
Author: gkrishna63 | License: CC BY-ND 2.0 as on 4/15/18
8.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kbhargava/15327690792/ (cropped)
Image author: Kishore Bhargava | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 4/15/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus images.
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Sunday, April 15

Rufous-bellied woodpecker

   ›      ›   Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus

The rufous-bellied woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus) belongs to the family of woodpeckers and piculets, the Picidae.

The rufous-bellied woodpecker species is distributed in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, southeast Asia, China and Russia. These woodpecker species feed on insects and plant-sap. These woodpeckers are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Rufous-bellied Woodpecker Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
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Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The rufous-bellied woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus) is a medium sized woodpecker, measuring 20 to 25 cm in length and weighing 40 to 50 grams.

These woodpecker species have distinctive white barred black mantle and wings. The face, lores, supercilium and forehead are pale gray or whitish. The throat and belly are rusty brown or cinnamon. The lower belly is black with white barring. The vent area is pinkish red.

The males have red colored crown and nape and the females have white spotted black crown and nape. The juveniles have blackish barring on the buff throat and underparts.

The bill of rufous-bellied woodpecker is straight and sharp. The upper mandible is steel gray and the lower mandible is yellowish gray. The irises are blackish brown. There is a dark gray eye-ring. The legs and feet are colored olive or gray.

The call of these woodpecker species is a rapid, high pitched "tik..tik..tik" or "chit..chit..chit" sound.
Indian birds - Photo of Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
1.Birds of India - Image of Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus by Prateik Kulkarni


Birds of India - Image of Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
2.Indian birds - Image of Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus by Francesco Veronesi

Indian birds - Image of Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus
3.Birds of India - Image of Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Dendrocopos hyperythrus by AJIT HOTA

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The rufous-bellied woodpecker species is distributed in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, China and Russia.

In India, these rufous-bellied woodpecker species are distributed in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, north West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram.

The rufous-bellied woodpecker nominate subspecies D. h. hyperythrus is distributed in north India (Uttarakhand), Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, northeast India, central and south China, central Myanmar and northwest Thailand.

The woodpecker subspecies D. h. marshalli is distributed in Himalayan foothills in northeast Pakistan and northwest India (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh).

The rufous-bellied woodpecker subspecies D. h. subrufinus breeds in northeast China and southeast Russia. It winters in southeast China and north Vietnam. The subspecies D. h. annamensis is distributed in east Thailand, Cambodia, southern Laos and southern Vietnam.

Ecosystem and habitat

These rufous-bellied woodpecker species have high forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 500 to 4300 meters.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these woodpecker species include tropical and subtropical moist montane forests, coniferous forests, boreal forests, broadleaved forests, tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests and temperate forests.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these rufous-bellied woodpecker species consists mainly of insects. Beetles, grasshoppers, locusts, crickets, moths, caterpillars, spiders and plant material are their primary food.

These woodpecker species feed on wood boring and bark dwelling insects. They also feed on plant sap, by using their brushy tipped tongue. The same tree may be used again and again for extracting sap.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these rufous-bellied woodpecker species is during April and May in India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. The laying season is from March to May in southeast Asia.

These species are monogamous and show territorial behaviour by drumming. The nesting sites are holes in tree trunks. The breeding pair excavate nesting holes. The clutch contains four to six white eggs. Both the parents incubate the eggs and take care of the young.

Migration and movement patterns

These rufous-bellied woodpecker species are partially migratory birds. The subspecies D. h. subrufinus breeds in northeast China and southeast Russia. It migrates southwards to southeast China and northeast Vietnam for wintering.

The other three subspecies are non-migratory resident birds. Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

Rufous-bellied woodpecker - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Dendrocopos hyperythrus
  • Species author: (Vigors, 1831)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Picus hyperythrus Vigors, 1831
  • Family: Picidae › Piciformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Rufous-bellied woodpecker, Chinese: 棕腹啄木鸟, French: Pic à ventre fauve, German: Braunkehlspecht, Spanish: Pico ventrirrufo, Russian: Рыжебрюхий дятел, Japanese: チャバラアカゲラ
  • Other names: Rufous-bellied Pied Woodpecker, Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
  • Distribution: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, southeast Asia, China, Russia
  • Diet and feeding habits: insects, beetles, caterpillars, plant matter
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the rufous-bellied woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be decreasing.

In most of its range, this species is reported to be rare to uncommon. The generation length is 5.2 years. Its distribution size is about 11,600,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, deforestation (del Hoyo et al. 2002) and capture of adults and juveniles for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these species.

IUCN and CITES status

The rufous-bellied woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the rufous-bellied woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Piciformes
Family:Picidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Dendrocopos
Species:D. hyperythrus
Binomial name:Dendrocopos hyperythrus
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The rufous-bellied woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus) is closely related to stripe-breasted woodpecker (Dendrocopos atratus) and fulvous-breasted woodpecker (Dendrocopos macei).

The four recognized subspecies of the rufous-bellied woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus) are: D. h. hyperythrus (Vigors, 1831), D. h. marshalli (E. J. O. Hartert, 1912), D. h. subrufinus (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) and D. h. annamensis (Kloss, 1925).
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1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rufous-bellied_Woodpecker_(male).jpg (cropped)
Image author: Prateik Kulkarni | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/15/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/16384511346/ (cropped)
Image author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 4/15/18
3.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_rufous-bellied_woodpecker_in_dense_forest_of_Himalayas.jpg (cropped)
Image author: AJIT HOTA | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 4/15/18
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