Thursday, May 10

Isabelline shrike images

   ›      ›   Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The isabelline shrike (Lanius isabellinus) belongs to the family Laniidae under the order Passeriformes.

Isabelline shrike taxonomy

The Laniidae is a family of carnivorous passerine birds. The family Laniidae was first introduced by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz (October 22, 1783 – September 18, 1840), a zoologist, botanist, writer and polyglot, in the year 1815.

The family Laniidae comprises four genera, viz., Eurocephalus, Corvinella, Urolestes and Lanius. The genus Lanius was first described by Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, in the year 1758.

The genus Lanius comprises thirty species, including Lanius isabellinus. These species are polytypic and comprise three subspecies, viz., L. i. isabellinus, L. i. arenarius and L. i. tsaidamensis.

The species Lanius isabellinus was first described by Wilhelm Friedrich Hemprich (24 June 1796 – 30 June 1825), a German naturalist and explorer and Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (19 April 1795 – 27 June 1876), a German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist and microscopist, in the year 1833.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Lanius isabellinus
Species:L. isabellinus
Genus:Lanius
Subfamily:-
Family:Laniidae
Order:Passeriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
1.Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus 352
Image by Koshy Koshy


Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
2.Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
Image by Pkspks

Lanius isabellinus
3.Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
Image by MPF

Lanius isabellinus
4.Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
Image by Comfortably Numb

Lanius isabellinus
5.Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
Image by Nate Swick

Lanius isabellinus
6.Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
Image by MPF

Lanius isabellinus
7.Lanius isabellinus eggs
Image by Didier Descouens
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1.Isabelline shrike image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kkoshy/8119219998/ (cropped)
Image author: Koshy Koshy | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 5/9/18
2.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lanius_isabellinus_GRK.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Pkspks | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/9/18
3.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lanius_isabellinus1.jpg (cropped)
Author: MPF | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/9/18
4.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/comfortably_numb_sam/5484486287/ (cropped)
Author: Comfortably Numb | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 5/9/18
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/10349159@N08/13059657634/ (cropped)
Author: Nate Swick | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 5/9/18
6.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lanius_isabellinus2.jpg (cropped)
Author: MPF | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/9/18
7.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lanius_phoenicuroides_MHNT.ZOO.2010.11.213.Turkm%C3%A9nistan.jpg (cropped)
Author: Didier Descouens | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 5/9/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus images.
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Wednesday, May 9

Isabelline shrike

   ›      ›   Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus

The isabelline shrike (Lanius isabellinus) belongs to the family of shrikes, the Laniidae.

The isabelline shrike species is distributed in Mongolia, Russia, China, India, Arabian peninsula, Africa, Persian gulf and Pakistan. The plumage of these shrike species is isabelline (sandy color). These shrikes are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Isabelline Shrike Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The isabelline shrike (Lanius isabellinus) is a small-sized shrike, measuring 17 to 18 cm in length and weighing 25 to 34 grams.

The adult isabelline shrike has sandy brown plumage. The tail is long and rusty in color. The lore is gray colored and extends beyond the eye. The supercilium is whitish. The back and wings are darker.

The bill is metal gray and the tip of the upper mandible is hooked. The irises are blackish. The legs and feet are blackish. The call of these species is a rapid, repeated "keck..keck..keck" sound.
Indian birds - Photo of Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
1.Birds of India - Photo of Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus by Pkspks


Birds of India - Photo of Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
2.Indian birds - Photo of Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus by Koshy Koshy

Indian birds - Photo of Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus
3.Birds of India - Photo of Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus by MPF

Origin, geographical range and distribution

These isabelline shrike species are distributed in Mongolia, south and east Russia, China, Arabian peninsula, Africa, Middle East, Pakistan and China.

In India, these species are distributed in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

The isabelline shrike nominate subspecies L. i. isabellinus is distributed in Mongolia, southeast Russia, north and northwest China. It winters in northeast Africa and Saudi Arabia.

The subspecies L. i. arenarius is distributed in central and west China and western Mongolia. It winters in Pakistan and northern India. The subspecies L. i. tsaidamensis breeds in west and central China and winters in Pakistan and north India.

Ecosystem and habitat

These isabelline shrike species do not normally occur in forests. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 3000 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include agricultural lands and urban areas.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these isabelline shrike species include tropical and subtropical dry grasslands, dry savanna, dry steppe, tropical and subtropical dry shrublands, wetlands, freshwater lakes and marshes.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these isabelline shrike species consists mainly of insects. Insects, insect larvae, spiders, beetles and termites are their primary food. They hunt from prominent perches. They often impale the prey on thorns, before eating.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these isabelline shrike species is from April to August in China. These species are monogamous and highly territorial. They may raise a second brood.

The breeding pair construct the cup-shaped nest among thorny bushes. Both the pair incubate the eggs and raise the young. The clutch contains 4-6 white eggs with a few pale brown spots.

Migration and movement patterns

These isabelline shrike species are migratory birds. The breeding populations in the northern ranges migrate southwards in September-October. The return migration to the breeding grounds occurs in early summer.

Isabelline shrike - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Lanius isabellinus
  • Species author: Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Lanius isabellinus Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833
  • Family: Laniidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Isabelline shrike, Chinese: 荒漠伯劳, French: Pie-grièche isabelle, German: Isabellwürger, Spanish: Alcaudón isabel, Russian: Рыжехвостый жулан, Japanese: アカオモズ
  • Other names: Central Asian Shrike, Pale-brown Shrike, Chinese Shrike
  • Distribution: Mongolia, Russia, China, India, Arabian peninsula, Africa, Persian gulf, Pakistan
  • Diet and feeding habits: invertebrates, insects, insect larvae
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the isabelline shrike (Lanius isabellinus) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

In most of its range, this species is reported to be common (Harris and Franklin 2000). The generation length is 3.9 years. Its distribution size is about 4,880,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction and human intrusions and disturbance are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these shrike species.

IUCN and CITES status

The isabelline shrike (Lanius isabellinus) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the shrike species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the isabelline shrike (Lanius isabellinus).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Lanius isabellinus
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Laniidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Lanius
Species:L. isabellinus
Binomial name:Lanius isabellinus
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The isabelline shrike (Lanius isabellinus) is closely related to the red-tailed shrike (Lanius phoenicuroides).

The three recognized subspecies of the isabelline shrike (Lanius isabellinus) are:
1.L. i. isabellinus Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833,
2.L. i. arenarius Blyth, 1846 and
3.L. i. tsaidamensis Stegmann, 1930.
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1.Isabelline shrike photo source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lanius_isabellinus_GRK.jpg (cropped)
Photo author: Pkspks | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/9/18
2.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kkoshy/8119219998/ (cropped)
Photo author: Koshy Koshy | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 5/9/18
3.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lanius_isabellinus1.jpg (cropped)
Photo author: MPF | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/9/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Isabelline shrike - Lanius isabellinus.
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Tuesday, May 8

Grey-chinned minivet images

   ›      ›   Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The grey-chinned minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) belongs to the family Campephagidae under the order Passeriformes.

Grey-chinned minivet taxonomy

The Campephagidae is the family of cuckooshrikes and allies. The family Campephagidae was first described by Nicholas Aylward Vigors (1785 – 26 October 1840), an Irish zoologist and politician, in the year 1825.

The family Campephagidae comprises 86 species in eight genera, viz., Campephaga, Coracina, Lobotos, Pteropodocys, Campochaera, Lalage, Hemipus and Pericrocotus.

The genus Pericrocotus (type species: Pericrocotus cinnamomeus) was first introduced by Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, in the year 1766.

The genus Pericrocotus comprises thirteen species, including Pericrocotus solaris. The species P. solaris was first described by Edward Blyth (23 December 1810 – 27 December 1873), an English zoologist, in the year 1846.

The species Pericrocotus solaris is polytypic and comprises six subspecies, viz., P. s. solaris, P. s. nassovicus, P. s. rubrolimbatus, P. s. deignani, P. s. griseogularis and P. s. montpellieri.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Pericrocotus solaris
Species:P. solaris
Genus:Pericrocotus
Subfamily:-
Family:Campephagidae
Order:Passeriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
1.Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris 340
Image by 孫鋒 林


Pericrocotus solaris
2.Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
Image by Alnus

Pericrocotus solaris
3.Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
Image by Alnus

Pericrocotus solaris
4.Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
Image by Francesco Veronesi

Pericrocotus solaris
5.Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
Image by Jason Thompson

Pericrocotus solaris
6.Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
Image by Charles Lam

Pericrocotus solaris
7.Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
Image by Dibyendu Ash
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1.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/outdoor_birding/26612410490/ (cropped)
Image author: 孫鋒 林 | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 5/7/18
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (cropped)
Image author: Alnus | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/7/18
3.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (cropped)
Image author: Alnus | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/7/18
4.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/16820735357/ (cropped)
Author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 5/7/18
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/79492850@N00/8229597176 (cropped)
Author: Jason Thompson | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 5/7/18
6.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kclama/12510370083/ (cropped)
Author: Charles Lam | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 5/7/18
7.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grey-chinned_Minivet_Mahananda_Wildlife_Sanctuary_West_Bengal_India_01.11.2015.jpg (cropped)
Author: Dibyendu Ash | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/7/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris images.
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Monday, May 7

Grey-chinned minivet

   ›      ›   Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris

The grey-chinned minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) belongs to the family of cuckooshrikes and minivets, the Campephagidae.

The grey-chinned minivet species is distributed in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Taiwan and China. These minivet species were earlier considered conspecific with Pericrocotus montanus. These minivets are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Grey-chinned Minivet Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The grey-chinned minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) is a medium-sized minivet, measuring 17 to 20 cm in length and weighing 10 to 17 grams. These species are sexually dimorphic.

The adult male has dark grayish head and blackish wings. The chin, nape, hindneck and upper back are pale and grayish. The underparts and lower back are reddish orange. There is large orange patch on the wing. In female bird, the orange is replaced by yellow.

The bill is black and pointed. The irises are blackish. The legs and feet are grayish. The call of these grey-chinned minivet species is a high pitched, rapid "isisip..isisip" or "chirit-chirit" sound.
Indian birds - Image of Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
1.Birds of India - Image of Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris by Alnus


Birds of India - Image of Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
2.Indian birds - Image of Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris by Alnus

Indian birds - Image of Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris
3.Birds of India - Image of Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris by 孫鋒 林

Origin, geographical range and distribution

These grey-chinned minivet species are distributed in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, China and Taiwan.

In India, these species are distributed in the states of Sikkim, northmost West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh.

The grey-chinned minivet nominate subspecies P. s. solaris is distributed in central and east Nepal, Bhutan, India (Sikkim, northmost West Bengal and northeast India), Bangladesh and northwest myanmar.

The subspecies P. s. nassovicus is distributed in south Cambodia and southeast Thailand. The subspecies P. s. deignani is distributed in south Laos and central Vietnam. The subspecies P. s. montpellieri is distributed in southern China.

The grey-chinned minivet subspecies P. s. rubrolimbatus is distributed in southeast Myanmar and northern Thailand. The subspecies P. s. griseogularis is distributed in southeast China, Taiwan, northeast Laos and northern Vietnam.

Ecosystem and habitat

These grey-chinned minivet species have moderate forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 3000 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include rural gardens and heavily degraded forests.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these grey-chinned minivet species include tropical and subtropical moist montane forests, broadleaf evergreen forests, tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests and dry deciduous forests.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these grey-chinned minivet species consists mainly of insects. Insects, insect larvae, spiders, beetles and termites are their primary food.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these grey-chinned minivet species is from April to June in Himalayan region. These species are monogamous. They may raise a second brood. The nest is built on a branch or fork of a tree.

The breeding pair construct the deep cup-shaped nest with plant material and cover it with moss and lichens. Both the pair incubate the eggs and raise the young. The clutch size is not known.

Migration and movement patterns

These grey-chinned minivet species are non-migratory resident birds. The populations in the higher altitudes descent to the lower levels in winter.

Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

Grey-chinned minivet - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Pericrocotus solaris
  • Species author: Blyth, 1846
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Pericrocotus solaris Blyth, 1846
  • Family: Campephagidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Grey-chinned minivet, Chinese: 灰喉山椒鸟, French: Minivet mandarin, German: Graukehl-Mennigvogel, Spanish: Minivet gorjigrís, Russian: Серогорлый длиннохвостый личинкоед, Japanese: ベニサンショウクイ
  • Other names: Grey-chinned Minivet, Gray-throated Minivet, Mountain Minivet
  • Distribution: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, southeast Asia, China, Taiwan
  • Diet and feeding habits: invertebrates, insects, insect larvae
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the grey-chinned minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

In most of its range, this species is reported to be common to scarce. The generation length is not known. Its distribution size is about 4,940,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, deforestation and human intrusions and disturbance are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these species.

IUCN and CITES status

The grey-chinned minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the grey-chinned minivet (Pericrocotus solaris).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Pericrocotus solaris
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. solaris
Binomial name:Pericrocotus solaris
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The grey-chinned minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) is closely related to gray-throated minivet (Pericrocotus montanus).

The six recognized subspecies of the grey-chinned minivet (Pericrocotus solaris) are: P. s. solaris Blyth, 1846, P. s. nassovicus Deignan, 1938, P. s. rubrolimbatus Salvadori, 1887, P. s. deignani Riley, 1940, P. s. griseogularis Gould, 1863 and P. s. montpellieri La Touche, 1922.
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1.Grey-chinned minivet image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Minivet_8021.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Alnus | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/7/18
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Minivet_9144.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Alnus | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 5/7/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/outdoor_birding/26612410490/ (cropped)
Image author: 孫鋒 林 | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 5/7/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Grey-chinned minivet - Pericrocotus solaris.
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Sunday, May 6

Scarlet-breasted woodpecker

   ›      ›   Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius

The scarlet-breasted woodpecker (Dryobates cathpharius) belongs to the family of sapsuckers and woodpeckers, the Picidae.

The scarlet-breasted woodpecker species is distributed in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and China. These woodpecker species were earlier considered conspecific with D. pernyii. These woodpeckers are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Scarlet-breasted Woodpecker Distribution & Range
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Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The scarlet-breasted woodpecker (Dryobates cathpharius) is a medium-sized woodpecker, measuring 17 to 20 cm in length and weighing 20 to 35 grams. These species are sexually dimorphic.

These woodpeckers have black mantle, back and wings. The wings have a large white patch and some white spots and bars. The uppertail is black and the outer feathers have white barring. The undertail is barred black and white.

The crown is black and the forehead is buff-white. The males have scarlet patch on the nape. The chin, face and throat are whitish. The central breast has a scarlet patch. The lower breast and the belly are dirty-white with blackish streaks. The vent region is scarlet.

The bill is strong and pointed. The irises are blackish. The legs and feet are gray. The call of these species is a loud, rapid "chip..chip..chip" or "tchick..tchick" sound.
Birds of India - Image of Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius
1.Indian birds - Image of Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius by Francesco Veronesi


Indian birds - Image of Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius
2.Birds of India - Image of Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius by Mark Gurney

Birds of India - Image of Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius
3.Indian birds - Image of Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius by Ron Knight

Indian birds - Image of Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius
4.Birds of India - Image of Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius by Dibyendu Ash

Origin, geographical range and distribution

These scarlet-breasted woodpecker species are distributed in India (northeast), Nepal, Bhutan, China (southeast Tibet) and Myanmar.

In India, these species are distributed in the states of Sikkim, northmost West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram.

The nominate subspecies D. c. cathpharius is distributed in central and east Nepal, Bhutan and India (Sikkim, northmost West Bengal, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh).

The subspecies D. c. ludlowi is distributed in southeastern Tibet (China). The subspecies D. c. pyrrhothorax is distributed in India (Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram) and western Myanmar.

Ecosystem and habitat

These scarlet-breasted woodpecker species have high forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 1200 to 3000 meters.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these woodpecker species include tropical and subtropical moist montane forests, broadleaf evergreen forests, tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests and deciduous forests.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these scarlet-breasted woodpecker species consists mainly of insects. Wood-boring insects, insect larvae, spiders, beetles and nectar are their primary food.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these species is during April and May in most of their range. These species are mostly monogamous. They excavate nest holes in tree trunks. The clutch contains 2-4 white eggs.

Migration and movement patterns

These scarlet-breasted woodpecker species are non-migratory resident birds. The populations in the higher altitudes descent to the lower levels in winter.

Post breeding, the resident juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Dryobates cathpharius
  • Species author: (Blyth, 1843)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Picus (Dendrocopus) cathpharius Blyth, 1843
  • Family: Picidae › Piciformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Scarlet-breasted woodpecker, Chinese: 赤胸啄木鸟, French: Pic à plastron rouge, German: Scharlachbrustspecht, Spanish: Pico pechirrojo occidental, Russian: Краснобрюхий дятел, Japanese: ヒムネアカゲラ
  • Other names: Scarlet-breasted Woodpecker
  • Distribution: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China
  • Diet and feeding habits: insects, insect larvae
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the scarlet-breasted woodpecker (Dryobates cathpharius) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

In most of its range, this species is reported to be generally uncommon. The generation length is 5.2 years. Its distribution size is about 601,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, deforestation and human intrusions and disturbance are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these woodpecker species.

IUCN and CITES status

The scarlet-breasted woodpecker (Dryobates cathpharius) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the scarlet-breasted woodpecker (Dryobates cathpharius).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Dryobates cathpharius
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Piciformes
Family:Picidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Dryobates
Species:D. cathpharius
Binomial name:Dryobates cathpharius
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The scarlet-breasted woodpecker (Dryobates cathpharius) is closely related to the crimson-breasted woodpecker (Dryobates pernyii), lesser spotted woodpecker (Dryobates minor) and the downy woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens).

The three recognized subspecies of the scarlet-breasted woodpecker (Dryobates cathpharius) are: D. c. cathpharius (Blyth, 1843), D. c. ludlowi Vaurie, 1959 and D. c. pyrrhothorax (A. O. Hume, 1881).
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1.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Crimson-breasted_Woodpecker_-_Eaglenest_Wildlife_Sanctuary_-_Arunachal_Pradesh,_India.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 5/6/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/84259756@N05/27003939758/ (cropped)
Image author: Mark Gurney | License: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 as on 5/6/18
3,Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crimson-breasted_Woodpecker_(Dendrocopos_cathpharius)_(8077151664).jpg (cropped)
Image author: Ron Knight | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 5/6/18
4.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crimson-breasted_Woodpecker_Khangchendzonga_NP_West_Sikkim_India_23.04.2016.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Dibyendu Ash | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 5/6/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Scarlet-breasted woodpecker - Dryobates cathpharius.
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