Saturday, June 30

Red siskin | American birds

   ›      ›   Red siskin - Spinus cucullatus

The red siskin (Spinus cucullatus) belongs to the family of finches and siskins, the Fringillidae.

The red siskin is distributed in Colombia, Venezuela and Guyana. The populations of these siskin species in Trinidad and Tobago are probably extinct. These siskins are monotypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Red Siskin Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The red siskin (Spinus cucullatus) is a small siskin, measuring 10 to 11 cm in length.

The male red siskin has overall reddish plumage. The head, face, nape and throat are black. The uppertail is black and the undertail is gray. The tail is notched. The female has overall gray plumage with dark streaks.

The bill is pointed and sliver gray in color. The irises are blackish. There is a gray eye-ring. The legs and feet are pinkish. Their call is a repeated twittering and trilling sound.
Birds of South America - Image of Red siskin - Spinus cucullatus
1.Birds of South America - Image of Red siskin - Spinus cucullatus by Siskini


Birds of South America - Image of Red siskin - Spinus cucullatus
2.Birds of South America - Image of Red siskin - Spinus cucullatus by Mark Robbins

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The red siskin species are distributed in northern Venezuela, Colombia and southwestern Guyana. The populations in Trinidad and Tobago are possibly extinct. The feral populations in Puerto Rico (USA) have been extirpated recently.

The Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA) of the red siskin in Venezuela are, Parque Nacional Yacambú, Parque Nacional Terepaima, Parque Nacional San Esteban, Parque Nacional Guatopo, Zona Protectora San Rafael de Guasare and Parque Nacional Sierra de San Luis.

Ecosystem and habitat

The red siskin species have moderate forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 180 to 1300 meters.

The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these siskin species include agricultural lands and pasture lands.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of the red siskin species include tropical and subtropical moist shrublands, tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests, evergreen forests and dry forests.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of this red siskin species consists mainly of seeds. Seeds of various grasses, herbs, shrubs and trees are their primary food. They also feed on figs, flowerheads and berries.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these siskin species is from May to July and also during November and December. They may form loose colonies. They nest in trees and the nest is built with grass. The clutch contains 3 pale greenish white eggs.

Migration and movement patterns

The red siskin species is a non-migratory resident bird. The populations occurring in higher altitudes move to the lower levels in winter.

Post breeding, the juvenile siskins may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

Red siskin - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Spinus cucullatus
  • Species author: Swainson, 1820
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Carduelis cucullata Swainson, 1820
  • Family: Fringillidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Red siskin, Chinese: 黑头红金翅雀, French: Tarin rouge, German: Kapuzenzeisig, Spanish: Jilguero rojo, Russian: Огненный чиж, Japanese: ショウジョウヒワ
  • Other names: Red Siskin
  • Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago
  • Diet and feeding habits: figs, berries, fruits, seeds
  • IUCN status listing: Endangered (EN)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the red siskin (Spinus cucullatus) has been estimated to number about 1,500 to 7,000 mature individual birds. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be decreasing.

In most of its range, this siskin species is reported as rare. The generation length is 4.2 years. Its distribution size is about 611,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration, fragmentation and destruction, deforestation, hunting and capture for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of this siskin species.

IUCN and CITES status

The red siskin (Spinus cucullatus) has approached the thresholds for being Vulnerable under the range size criterion, under the population trend criterion and under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the siskin species and has listed it as "Endangered".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) has ‘Evaluated’ the red siskin (Spinus cucullatus) and listed it under Appendix 1.
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Spinus cucullatus
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Fringillidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Spinus
Species:S. cucullatus
Binomial name:Spinus cucullatus
IUCN status listing:
Endangered
The red siskin (Spinus cucullatus) have been interbred with domesticated canaries to produce a variety of hybrids.
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1.Red siskin image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cucullatamachocolombia.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Siskini | License: Public domain
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cucullatamachodanamaranch.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Mark Robbins | License: Public domain
Current topic on Birds of South America: Red siskin - Spinus cucullatus.
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Friday, June 29

Red-billed blue magpie images

   ›      ›   Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha) belongs to the family Corvidae under the order Passeriformes.

Red-billed blue magpie taxonomy

The Corvidae is the family of crows, ravens, rooks, jackdaws, jays and treepies.

The family Corvidae was first described by William Elford Leach, MD, FRS (2 February 1791 – 25 August 1836), an English zoologist and marine biologist, in the year 1820.

The family Corvidae comprises six subfamilies including Cissinae. The subfamily Cissinae comprises two genera, Urocissa and Cissa.

The genus Urocissa was first introduced by Jean Louis Cabanis (8 March 1816 – 20 February 1906), a German ornithologist, in the year 1850.

The genus Urocissa comprises five species, viz., Urocissa caerulea, Urocissa erythroryncha, Urocissa flavirostris, Urocissa whiteheadi and Urocissa ornata.

The species Urocissa erythroryncha was first described by Pieter Boddaert (1730 – 6 May 1795), a Dutch physician and naturalist, in the year 1783. The species Urocissa erythroryncha is polytypic and comprises five subspecies.

Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Urocissa erythroryncha
Species:U. erythroryncha
Genus:Urocissa
Subfamily:-
Family:Corvidae
Order:Passeriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
1.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by Blake Matheson


Urocissa erythrorhyncha
2.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by Charles Lam

Urocissa erythrorhyncha
3.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by David Cook

Urocissa erythrorhyncha
4.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by Charles Lam

Urocissa erythrorhyncha
5.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by Patty McGann

Urocissa erythrorhyncha
6.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by soumyajit nandy

Urocissa erythrorhyncha
7.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by Aaron Maizlish

Urocissa erythrorhyncha
8.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by Aaron Maizlish

Urocissa erythrorhyncha
9.Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Image by Kishore Bhargava
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1.Red-billed blue magpie image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/34328261@N02/3211080193/in/photostream/ (cropped)
Author: Blake Matheson | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/28/18
2.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Urocissa_erythrorhyncha.jpg (cropped)
Author: Charles Lam | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 6/28/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kookr/16789002642/ (cropped)
Author: David Cook | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/28/18
4.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kclama/3307077639/ (cropped)
Author: Charles Lam | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 6/28/18
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/pattymc/6915410176/ (cropped)
Author: Patty McGann | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/28/18
6.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/snandy_81/14916228819/ (cropped)
Author: soumyajit nandy | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 6/28/18
7.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/amaizlish/8681593841/ (cropped)
Author: Aaron Maizlish | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/28/18
8.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/amaizlish/14342808005/ (cropped)
Author: Aaron Maizlish | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/28/18
9.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kbhargava/13622159884/ (cropped)
Image author: Kishore Bhargava | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/28/18
Current topic on Birds of India: Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythrorhyncha images.
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Thursday, June 28

Red-billed blue magpie

   ›      ›   Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha

The red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha) belongs to the family of crows and magpies, the Corvidae.

The red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha) is distributed in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, southeast Asia and China. These blue magpie species have very long, graduated tails. These blue magpies are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Red-billed Blue Magpie Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha) is a medium-sized blue magpie, measuring 50 to 70 cm in length and weighing 140 to 190 grams.

The red-billed blue magpie has bluish upperparts. The head, neck and breast are black. There are bluish spots on the whitish rear-crown. The underparts are pale bluish gray. The long blue tail is graduated. The tail feathers have white tips.

The bill is large and reddish orange. The irises are brownish. The legs and feet are reddish orange. Their call is a high pitched whistle or a metallic "penk..penk" sound.
Indian birds - Image of Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha
1.Birds of India - Image of Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha by Charles Lam


Birds of India - Image of Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha
2.Indian birds - Image of Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha by Blake Matheson

Indian birds - Image of Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha
3.Birds of India - Image of Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha by David Cook

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The red-billed blue magpie species are distributed in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and China.

In India, these blue magpie species are distributed in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram.

The red-billed blue magpie nominate subspecies U. e. erythroryncha is distributed in central, southeastern and southern provinces of China. The subspecies U. e. alticola is distributed in south China (Yunnan) and north Myanmar.

The red-billed blue magpie subspecies U. e. magnirostris is distributed in northeast India, north Bangladesh, east Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.

The blue magpie subspecies U. e. brevivexilla is distributed in eastern China. The subspecies U. e. occipitalis is distributed in Himalayan foothills in India and Nepal.

Ecosystem and habitat

The red-billed blue magpie species have moderate forest dependence. It normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 2000 meters.

The artificial ecosystems and habitats of the blue magpie species include agricultural lands and heavily degraded forests.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of the red-billed blue magpie species include tropical and subtropical moist montane forests, temperate forests, broadleaf evergreen forests and moist lowland forests.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of this red-billed blue magpie species consists mainly of invertebrates. Insects, invertebrates, bird eggs and hatchlings, fruits and seeds are their primary food. They forage both in trees and on the ground.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of the red-billed blue magpie species is from April to June in India. The laying season is from March to June in Myanmar. The breeding season is in June in northern China.

These red-billed blue magpie species are monogamous and territorial. The males make courtship displays and short buoyant flights. The nesting sites include fork of trees, bushes and hedgerows.

The red-billed blue magpie nest is built with sticks, twigs and rootlets. The clutch contains 5-7 eggs. The female incubates the eggs. The chicks hatch out after 21-22 days and are fed by both parents. The young fledge after 27 days.

Migration and movement patterns

The red-billed blue magpie species is a non-migratory resident bird. The populations occurring in higher altitudes move to the lower levels in winter.

Post breeding, the juvenile red-billed blue magpies may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

Red-billed blue magpie - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Urocissa erythroryncha
  • Species author: (Boddaert, 1783)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Corvus erythrorynchus Boddaert, 1783
  • Family: Corvidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Red-billed blue magpie, Chinese: 红嘴蓝鹊, French: Pirolle à bec rouge, German: Rotschnabelkitta, Spanish: Urraca piquirroja, Russian: Красноклювая лазоревая сорока, Japanese: サンジャク
  • Other names: Blue Magpie, Red-billed Blue Magpie
  • Distribution: India, Nepal, Bangladesh, parts of southeast Asia, China
  • Diet and feeding habits: invertebrates, small vertebrates, fruits, seeds
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be increasing.

In most of its range, this blue magpie species is reported as locally common (Madge and Burn 1993). The generation length is 6.7 years. Its distribution size is about 8,860,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration, fragmentation and destruction, deforestation, hunting and capture for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of this blue magpie species.

IUCN and CITES status

The red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the blue magpie species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Urocissa erythroryncha
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Corvidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Urocissa
Species:U. erythroryncha
Binomial name:Urocissa erythroryncha
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The five recognized subspecies of the red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha) are:
U. e. erythroryncha (Boddaert, 1783),
U. e. occipitalis (Blyth, 1846),
U. e. magnirostris (Blyth, 1846),
U. e. brevivexilla Swinhoe, 1874 and
U. e. alticola Birckhead, 1938.
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1.Red-billed blue magpie image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Urocissa_erythrorhyncha.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Charles Lam | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 6/28/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/34328261@N02/3211080193/in/photostream/ (cropped)
Image author: Blake Matheson | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/28/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kookr/16789002642/ (cropped)
Image author: David Cook | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/28/18
Current topic on Birds of India: Red-billed blue magpie - Urocissa erythroryncha.
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Wednesday, June 27

Barnacle goose images

   ›      ›   Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) belongs to the family Anatidae under the order Anseriformes.

Barnacle goose taxonomy

The Anatidae is the family of ducks, geese and swans. The family Anatidae was introduced by William Elford Leach, MD, FRS (2 February 1791 – 25 August 1836), an English zoologist and marine biologist, in the year 1820.

The family Anatidae comprises around 146 species in 43 genera, including Branta. The genus Branta was first described by Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (3 June 1723 – 8 May 1788), an Italian physician and naturalist, in the year 1769.

The genus Branta is polytypic and comprises six species, viz., Branta bernicla, Branta canadensis, Branta hutchinsii, Branta leucopsis, Branta ruficollis and Branta sandvicensis.

The species Branta leucopsis was first described by Johann Matthäus Bechstein (11 July 1757 – 23 February 1822), a German naturalist, forester, ornithologist, entomologist and herpetologist, in the year 1803. The species Branta leucopsis is monotypic.

Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Branta leucopsis
Species:B. leucopsis
Genus:Branta
Subfamily:-
Family:Anatidae
Order:Anseriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
1.Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
Image by Thermosn


Branta leucopsis
2.Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
Image by Bengt Nyman

Branta leucopsis
3.Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
Image by Bengt Nyman

Branta leucopsis
4.Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
Image by Bengt Nyman

Branta leucopsis
5.Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
Image by Stefan Berndtsson

Branta leucopsis
6.Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
Image by kostolany244

Branta leucopsis
7.Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
Image by Donald Hobern

Branta leucopsis
8.Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
Image by 4028mdk09

Branta leucopsis
9.Branta leucopsis
Image by Johan Fredriksson
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1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Barnacle_Goose_-_Branta_leucopsis.jpg (cropped)
Author: User:Thermosn | License: CC BY-SA 2.5 as on 6/26/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bnsd/40856701814/ (cropped)
Author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/26/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bnsd/40856703404/ (cropped)
Author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/26/18
4.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bnsd/27808954518/ (cropped)
Author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/26/18
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/sbern/14210788842/ (cropped)
Author: Stefan Berndtsson | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/26/18
6.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/26380690@N02/4674941885/ (cropped)
Author: kostolany244 | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/26/18
7.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dhobern/33828361503/ (cropped)
Author: Donald Hobern | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/26/18
8.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wei%C3%9Fwangengans_2010.JPG (cropped)
Author: 4028mdk09 | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 6/26/18
9.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vitkindad_g%C3%A5s.jpg (cropped)
Author: Johan Fredriksson | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 6/26/18
Current topic on Birds of North America: Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis images.
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Tuesday, June 26

Barnacle goose | American Birds

   ›      ›   Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis

The barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) is a black goose belonging to the family of ducks and swans, the Anatidae.

The barnacle goose is distributed in north and west Europe and Greenland. Vagrants of this goose species are observed in Canada and USA. This goose species is monotypic.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Barnacle Goose Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) is a medium-sized goose measuring 60 to 70 cm in length and weighing 1300 to 2200 grams. The wingspan is 130 to 145 cm.

The barnacle goose has white, face, fore-crown, forehead and throat. The nape, hinderneck, back, tail and breast are black. The underparts are whitish. The wings are blackish gray with white bands. There are fine blackish bands on the flanks.

The bill is short and blackish. The irises are blackish. The legs and feet are dark gray. Their call is a short, sharp, barking "quak..quak" sound.
American birds - Image of Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
1.American birds - Image of Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis by Bengt Nyman


American birds - Image of Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
2.American birds - Image of Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis by Thermosn

American birds - Image of Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis
3.American birds - Image of Barnacle goose - Branta leucopsis by

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The breeding barnacle goose populations are distributed in Greenland (Denmark), Iceland, Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (Norway), Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Northwest Arctic Russia.

The wintering goose populations are found in Ireland, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Germany, west Denmark and southern Norway.

Vagrant goose is seen in Canada, United States, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Turkey Hungary, Austria, Serbia, Algeria, Morocco, Egypt and Tunisia.

The Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA) of the barnacle goose species in Iceland are, Svarfadardalur, Hóp-Vatnsdalur and Hestgerdislón-Hornafjardarfljót. The IBA in Germany is Jadebusen.

The IBA of the barnacle goose in Greenland are, Germania land, Enhjørningens Dal, Pingel Dal, Kjoveland, Heden, Hochstetter Forland, Ørsted Dal, Østersletten and Knudshoved and and Slaedelandet.

Some of the IBA of this barnacle goose in United Kingdom are, Upper Solway Flats, Uists Machairs, Tiree and Coll, South Walls, Shiant Isles, Rinns of Islay, Monach Islands, Loch of Strathbeg and Lindisfarne.

Ecosystem and habitat

The barnacle goose species does not normally occur in forest. It normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 100 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of the goose species include the pasturelands.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of the goose species include Arctic semi-desert tundra, tundra grasslands, marine mudflats, intertidal rocky shores, intertidal marshes with emergent grasses and tidepools.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of this barnacle goose species consists mainly of plant matter. Grasses, sedges, leaves, stems, seeds, aquatic plants (del Hoyo et al. 1992), agricultural grain and vegetables are their primary food.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of the barnacle goose species is from May to July in most of their breeding range. These species are monogamous and pair for life. They breed in small dense colonies.

The nesting sites include rocky ground (del Hoyo et al. 1992), rocky outcrops, steep cliffs and tops of low hills. The nest is shallow depression on a mound of vegetation. The clutch contains 4-6 eggs.

The female bird incubates the eggs. The chicks hatch out after 24-26 days. The hatchlings are precocial and leave the nest and feed themselves. The chicks fledge after 40 to 45 days. The young are protected by the parents.

Migration and movement patterns

The barnacle goose species is a fully migratory bird. The breeding populations occurring in Arctic islands migrate southwards to the wintering grounds in September.

The winter is spent in the coastal areas of west Europe. The return migration begins in April. The barnacle goose species spends about 30 days in spring staging areas for feeding, before migrating to the breeding grounds.

Barnacle goose - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Branta leucopsis
  • Species author: (Bechstein, 1803)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Anas leucopsis Bechstein, 1803
  • Family: Anatidae › Anseriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Barnacle goose, Chinese: 白颊黑雁, French: Bernache nonnette, German: Weißwangengans, Spanish: Barnacla cariblanca, Russian: Белощекая казарка , Japanese: カオジロガン
  • Other names: Barnacle Goose
  • Distribution: north and west Europe, Greenland
  • Diet and feeding habits: grasses, sedges, aquatic plants, grains
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) is estimated at about 880,000 individual birds. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be increasing.

In most of its range, this species is reported as common. The generation length is 10.5 years. Its distribution size is about 5,950,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration, fragmentation and destruction and hunting are the main threats that are endangering the survival of this goose species.

IUCN and CITES status

The barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the goose species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Branta leucopsis
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Anseriformes
Family:Anatidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Branta
Species:B. leucopsis
Binomial name:Branta leucopsis
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) is closely related to the brent goose (Branta bernicla).
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1.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bnsd/40856701814/ (cropped)
Image author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/26/18
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Barnacle_Goose_-_Branta_leucopsis.jpg (cropped)
Image author: User:Thermosn | License: CC BY-SA 2.5 as on 6/26/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bnsd/40856703404/ (cropped)
Image author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/26/18
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