Friday, June 22

American wigeon images

   ›      ›   American wigeon - Mareca americana images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The American wigeon (Mareca americana) belongs to the family Anatidae under the order Anseriformes.

American wigeon taxonomy

The Anatidae is the family of ducks, geese, and swans. The family Anatidae was first introduced by William Elford Leach, MD, FRS (2 February 1791 – 25 August 1836), an English zoologist and marine biologist, in the year 1820.

The family Anatidae comprises around 146 species in 43 genera, including genus Mareca. The genus Mareca was first described by James Francis Stephens (16 September 1792 – 22 December 1852), an English entomologist and naturalist, in the year 1824.

The genus Mareca comprises six species, viz., Mareca strepera, Mareca falcata, Mareca penelope, Mareca sibilatrix, Mareca americana and Mareca marecula (extinct).

The species Mareca americana was first described (as Anas americana) by Johann Friedrich Gmelin (8 August 1748 – 1 November 1804), a German naturalist, botanist, entomologist, herpetologist and malacologist, in the year 1789. The species Mareca americana is monotypic.

Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Mareca americana
Species:M. americana
Genus:Mareca
Subfamily:-
Family:Anatidae
Order:Anseriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
American wigeon - Mareca americana
1.American wigeon - Mareca americana
Image by Judy Gallagher


Mareca americana
2.American wigeon - Mareca americana
Image by Judy Gallagher

Mareca americana
3.American wigeon - Mareca americana
Image by Pacific Southwest Region USFWSr

Mareca americana
4.American wigeon - Mareca americana
Image by Davefoc

Mareca americana
5.American wigeon - Mareca americana
Image by Donna Dewhurst, USFWS

Mareca americana
6.American wigeon - Mareca americana
Image by Tony Hisgett

Mareca americana
7.American wigeon - Mareca americana
Image by Judy Gallagher

Mareca americana
8.American wigeon - Mareca americana
Image by Becky Matsubara

Mareca americana
9.Mareca americana
Image by Dominic Sherony
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1.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/52450054@N04/6884436445/ (cropped)
Author: Judy Gallagher | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Wigeon_-_Reifel_Refuge,_British_Columbia.jpg (cropped)
Author: Judy Gallagher | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/usfws_pacificsw/6881754228/ (cropped)
Author: Pacific Southwest Region USFWSr | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
4.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AnasAmericanaMale_1839.JPG (cropped)
Author: Davefoc | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 6/21/18
5.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Anas_americana_-_drake.jpg (cropped)
Author: Donna Dewhurst, USFWS | License: Public domain
6.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/hisgett/6378299245/ (cropped)
Author: Tony Hisgett | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
7.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/52450054@N04/6884435971/ (cropped)
Author: Judy Gallagher | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
8.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/beckymatsubara/16563331879/ (cropped)
Author: Becky Matsubara | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
9.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/9765210@N03/4411669159/ (cropped)
Author: Dominic Sherony | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 6/21/18
Current topic on Birds of America: American wigeon - Mareca americana images.
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Thursday, June 21

American wigeon

   ›      ›   American wigeon - Mareca americana

The American wigeon (Mareca americana) belongs to the family of ducks and wigeons, the Anatidae.

The American wigeon species is distributed in Canada, USA, Mexico, West Indies, Venezuela and Colombia. These wigeon species are migratory and winter in southern regions of North America, West Indies, Venezuela and Colombia. These wigeons are monotypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of American Wigeon Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The American wigeon (Mareca americana) is a medium-sized wigeon, measuring 45 to 55 cm in length and weighing 300 to 1100 grams. The wingspan is 75 to 90 cms.

The breeding male American wigeon has a greenish mask around its eyes. There is a cream or whitish cap extending up to the bill. The head, nape, face, throat and nape are pale gray with fine dark speckles.

The breast, flanks and upper back are chocolate brown. The wings are black and white. There is a large white shoulder patch on each wing. The belly is white. The female has gray and brown plumage.

The bill is relatively small, flat and pale blue in color with a black tip. The irises are blackish brown. The legs and feet are pale fleshy gray. The call of the male American wigeon is a whistling "whoee..whoee" sound.
Image of American wigeon - Mareca americana
1.Image of American wigeon - Mareca americana by Judy Gallagher


Image of American wigeon - Mareca americana
2.Image of American wigeon - Mareca americana by Judy Gallagher

Image of American wigeon - Mareca americana
3.Image of American wigeon - Mareca americana by Pacific Southwest Region USFWS

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The American wigeon species are distributed in Canada, United States, Mexico, West Indies and the northmost parts of South America (Venezuela and Colombia).

Vagrant birds have been observed in Iceland, Ireland, Norway, France, Greenland, Sweden, United Kingdom, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Portugal, Russia, Spain, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Morocco and Senegal.

The Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) of the American wigeon species in Mexico is Complejo de Humedales del Noroeste de Chihuahua.

The IBAs of these wigeons in Canada are, Long Point Peninsula and Marshes and Fraser River Estuary (Boundary Bay - Roberts Bank - Sturgeon Bank).

Ecosystem and habitat

These American wigeon species do not normally occur in forests. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 100 meters.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these wigeon species include tropical and subtropical flooded grasslands, coastal lakes, intertidal mud flats, estuaries, tide pools, marshes and freshwater lakes.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these American wigeon species consists mainly of grass. Aquatic plants, grass, sedges, crops and invertebrates like snails, worms, insects and crustaceans are their primary food.

These wigeons dabble for food in water as well as grab pieces of vegetation from diving birds. They graze on pastures and also pick waste grain in harvested fields.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of the American wigeon species is from April to July. These birds are monogamous and territorial. The breeding sites are located in subarctic boreal forests and wetlands.

They nest on ground near water and under vegetative cover. The clutch contains 6 to 12 creamy white eggs. The female American wigeon incubates the eggs for 23-24 days.

The males leave the breeding grounds before the hatching of eggs. Soon after hatching, the chicks can swim and feed themselves. The female protects and tends them until they fledge (45 to 60 days).

Migration and movement patterns

These American wigeon species are partially migratory birds. The populations in Canada and in the higher latitudes of USA are migratory and move to the southern parts of North America, West Indies, Venezuela and Colombia.

The populations in west-central United States are breeding residents. Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

American wigeon - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Mareca americana
  • Species author: (Gmelin, 1789)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Anas americana J. F. Gmelin, 1789
  • Family: Anatidae › Anseriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: American wigeon, Chinese: 绿眉鸭, French: Canard d’Amérique, German: Kanadapfeifente, Spanish: Silbón americano, Russian: Американская свиязь, Japanese: アメリカヒドリ
  • Other names: baldpate, American Wigeon
  • Distribution: Canada, USA, Mexico, West Indies, Venezuela, Colombia
  • Diet and feeding habits: grass, sedges, aquatic plants, crops, invertebrates
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the American wigeon (Mareca americana) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

In most of its range, this wigeon species is reported as common. The generation length is 7 years. Its distribution size is about 17,400,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration, fragmentation and destruction, hunting for food, sport-hunting and capture for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these wigeon species.

IUCN and CITES status

The American wigeon (Mareca americana) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the American wigeon (Mareca americana).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Mareca americana
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Anseriformes
Family:Anatidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Mareca
Species:M. americana
Binomial name:Mareca americana
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The American wigeon (Mareca americana) is closely related to Eurasian wigeon (Mareca penelope) and Chiloé wigeon (Mareca sibilatrix).

The American wigeon was earlier placed under the genus Anas.
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1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Wigeon_-_Reifel_Refuge,_British_Columbia.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Judy Gallagher | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/52450054@N04/6884436445/ (cropped)
Image author: Judy Gallagher | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/usfws_pacificsw/6881754228/ (cropped)
Image author: Pacific Southwest Region USFWSr | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/21/18
Current topic on American birds: American wigeon - Mareca americana.
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Wednesday, June 20

Black-throated loon images

   ›      ›   Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The Black-throated loon (Gavia arctica) belongs to the family Gaviidae under the order Gaviiformes.

Black-throated loon taxonomy

The family Gaviidae was first described by Elliott Coues (September 9, 1842 – December 25, 1899), an American army surgeon, historian, ornithologist and author, in the year 1903.

The family Gaviidae is monotypic and comprises the genus Gavia. The genus Gavia was first introduced by Johann Reinhold Forster (22 October 1729 – 9 December 1798), a pastor and naturalist, in the year 1788.

The genus Gavia comprises five species, viz., Gavia stellata, Gavia pacifica, Gavia immer, Gavia adamsii and Gavia arctica.

The species Gavia arctica was first described (as Colymbus arcticus) by Carl Linnaeus (23 May1707 – 10 January 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, in the year 1758.

The species Gavia arctica is polytypic and comprises two subspecies, viz., Gavia arctica arctica and Gavia arctica viridigularis.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Gavia arctica
Species:G. arctica
Genus:Gavia
Subfamily:-
Family:Gaviidae
Order:Gaviiformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica
1.Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica
Image by Francesco Veronesi


Gavia arctica
2.Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica
Image by Werner Witte

Gavia arctica
3.Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica
Image by Robert Bergman

Gavia arctica
4.Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica
Image by Steve Garvie

Gavia arctica
5.Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica
Image by Carley, Curtis

Gavia arctica
6.Black-throated loon (non-breeding) - Gavia arctica
Image by Tony Morris

Gavia arctica
7.Black-throated loon (non-breeding) - Gavia arctica
Image by Tony Morris

Gavia arctica
8.Black-throated loon (non-breeding) - Gavia arctica
Image by Tony Morris

Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica
9.Black-throated loon (non-breeding) - Gavia arctica
Image by Tony Morris
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1.Black-throated loon image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/15195370798/ (cropped)
Author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 6/20/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/43577957@N04/10165313115/ (cropped)
Author: Werner Witte | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/20/18
3.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gavia_arctica11.jpg (cropped)
Author: Robert Bergman | License: Public domain
4.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/rainbirder/4676729720/in/photostream/ (cropped)
Author: Steve Garvie | License: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 as on 6/20/18
5.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Plongeon_arctique_nid.jpg (cropped)
Author: Carley, Curtis | License: Public domain
6.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/tonymorris/8466747858/ (cropped)
Author: Tony Morris | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/20/18
7.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/tonymorris/8466755404/ (cropped)
Author: Tony Morris | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/20/18
8.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/tonymorris/8468251795/ (cropped)
Author: Tony Morris | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/20/18
9.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/tonymorris/8466748138/ (cropped)
Author: Tony Morris | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 6/20/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Black-throated loon - Gavia arctica images.
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Tuesday, June 19

Yellow-faced siskin | American birds

   ›      ›   American birds - Yellow-faced siskin - Spinus yarrellii

The yellow-faced siskin (Spinus yarrellii) belongs to the family of finches and siskins, the Fringillidae.

The yellow-faced siskin species is distributed in Venezuela and Brazil. There is severe decline in the population of these siskin species and the IUCN has listed them as 'Vulnerable'. These siskins are monotypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Yellow-faced Siskin Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The yellow-faced siskin (Spinus yarrellii) is a small-sized siskin, measuring 10 cm in length.

The yellow-faced siskin has overall bright yellowish golden plumage. The male birds have black forehead, crown, lores and nape. The face, throat, neck and underparts are brightly yellowish.

The upperparts are olive with dark olive stripes. The rump is yellowish. The wings are black with yellowish wing-bar and wing-patch. The black tail is slightly forked. The female siskin has yellowish-olive crown.

The bill is pointed and silvery gray. The irises are blackish brown and there is a gray eye-ring. The legs and feet are pale pinkish gray. The call of the yellow-faced siskin is a varied, high-pitched and harsh warbling sound.
Birds of South America - Photo of Yellow-faced siskin - Spinus yarrellii
1.Birds of South America - Photo of Yellow-faced siskin - Spinus yarrellii by Antonio Arnaiz-Villena


Origin, geographical range and distribution

These yellow-faced siskin species are distributed in two widely disjunct regions in north Venezuela and northeast Brazil. In Brazil, they occur in the states of Bahia, Piaui, Alagoas, Sergipe, Pernambuco, Paraiba and Ceara.

The Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) of the yellow-faced siskin in Venezuela is Henri Pittier National Park.

Some of the IBAs of these yellow-faced siskin species in Brazil are, Tapacurá, Serra do Baturité, Serra de Ibiapaba, Serra de Bonito, Raso da Catarina, Murici, Mamanguape, Guadalupe, Chapada do Araripe and Brejo dos Cavalos.

Ecosystem and habitat

These yellow-faced siskin species have low forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 500 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include agricultural lands, plantations and urban areas.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these yellow-faced siskin species include tropical and subtropical moist montane forests, secondary-growth forests and tropical and subtropical dry shrublands.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these yellow-faced siskin species consists mainly of fruits. A variety of wild fruits and seeds of wild plants may be their primary food.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season and breeding habits of the yellow-faced siskin species are not known. In Saltinho, nests were found in exotic pine Pinus spp. trees (S. Aline Roda in litt. 2007).

Migration and movement patterns

These yellow-faced siskin species are non-migratory resident birds. The populations in the higher altitudes may move to lower levels in winter.

Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

Yellow-faced siskin - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Spinus yarrellii
  • Species author: (Audubon, 1839)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Carduelis yarrellii Audubon, 1839
  • Family: Fringillidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Yellow-faced siskin, Chinese: 黄脸金翅雀, French: Tarin de Yarrell, German: Yarrellzeisig, Spanish: Jilguero cariamarillo, Russian: Желтолицый чиж, Japanese: キガオヒワ
  • Other names: Yellow Faced Siskin
  • Distribution: Venezuela, Brazil
  • Diet and feeding habits: fruits, seeds
  • IUCN status listing: Vulnerable (VU)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the yellow-faced siskin (Spinus yarrellii) is estimated to number about 6,000 to 15,000 mature individual birds. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be decreasing.

In most of its range, this siskin species is reported as rare. The generation length is 4.2 years. Its distribution size is about 92,900 sq.km.

Habitat alteration, fragmentation and destruction and capture for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these siskin species.

IUCN and CITES status

The yellow-faced siskin (Spinus yarrellii) has approached the thresholds for being Vulnerable under the range size criterion, under the population trend criterion and under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as "Vulnerable".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the yellow-faced siskin (Spinus yarrellii).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Spinus yarrellii
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Fringillidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Spinus
Species:S. yarrellii
Binomial name:Spinus yarrellii
IUCN status listing:
Vulnerable
The yellow-faced siskin (Spinus yarrellii) is closely related to the hooded siskin (Spinus magellanicus) and the Andean siskin (Spinus spinescens).
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Yellow-faced siskin photo source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carduelis_yarrellii.JPG (cropped)
Photo author: Antonio Arnaiz-Villena | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 6/19/18
Current topic on Birds of South America: Yellow-faced siskin - Spinus yarrellii.
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Monday, June 18

Great crested grebe images

   ›      ›   Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus images
Taxonomic classification   < >   Images
The great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus) belongs to the family Podicipedidae under the order Podicipediformes.

Great crested grebe taxonomy

The family Podicipedidae was first introduced by Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte, 2nd Prince of Canino and Musignano (24 May 1803 – 29 July 1857), a French biologist and ornithologist, in the year 1831.

The family Podicipedidae comprises 22 species in six extant genera, viz., Aechmophorus, Podilymbus, Poliocephalus, Rollandia, Tachybaptus and Podiceps.

The genus Podiceps was first described by John Latham (27 June 1740 – 4 February 1837), an English physician, naturalist and author, in the year 1787.

The genus Podiceps comprises eight extant species, including Podiceps cristatus. The species Podiceps cristatus was first described by Carl Linnaeus 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, in the year 1758.

The species Podiceps cristatus is polytypic and comprises three subspecies, viz., P. c. cristatus, P. c. infuscatus and P. c. australis.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Podiceps cristatus
Species:P. cristatus
Genus:Podiceps
Subfamily:-
Family:Podicipedidae
Order:Podicipediformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
1.Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Image by Bengt Nyman


Podiceps cristatus
2.Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Image by Bengt Nyman

Podiceps cristatus
3.Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Image by JJ Harrison

Podiceps cristatus
4.Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Image by Steve Garvie

Podiceps cristatus
5.Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Image by Frank Vassen

Podiceps cristatus
6.Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Image by Bengt Nyman

Podiceps cristatus
7.Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Image by Bengt Nyman

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8.Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Image by GabrielBuissart

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9.Podiceps cristatus
Image by DickDaniels
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1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Podiceps_cristatus_2013-2310.jpg (cropped)
Author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 6/18/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bnsd/34412096140/ (cropped)
Author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/18/18
3.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Podiceps_cristatus_2_-_Lake_Dulverton.jpg (cropped)
Author: JJ Harrison | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 6/18/18
4.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Great_Crested_Grebe_(Podiceps_cristatus).jpg (cropped)
Author: Steve Garvie | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 6/18/18
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/42244964@N03/10649522254/ (cropped)
Author: Frank Vassen | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/18/18
6.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bnsd/26955067104/ (cropped)
Author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/18/18
7.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bnsd/35031717326/ (cropped)
Author: Bengt Nyman | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 6/18/18
8.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Podiceps_cristatus_2.jpg (cropped)
Author: GabrielBuissart | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 6/18/18
9.Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Great_crested_Grebe_RWD7.jpg (cropped)
Author: DickDaniels | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 6/18/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Great crested grebe - Podiceps cristatus images.
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