White-bellied minivet

   ›      ›   White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius

The white-bellied minivet (Pericrocotus erythropygius) belongs to the family of cuckooshrikes and minivets, the Campephagidae.

The white-bellied minivet is endemic to India. Until recently these minivet species were considered conspecific with P. albifrons. These minivets are monotypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of White-bellied Minivet Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The white-bellied minivet (Pericrocotus erythropygius) is a small-sized minivet, measuring 15 to 17 cm in length.

The white-bellied minivets have whitish wing patch and orange on the rump. The sides of the tail are whitish. Males have blackish head and upperparts, whitish underparts and an orange breast patch. In females, the upperparts are grayish brown and the underparts are whitish.

The bill is strong, pointed and black in color. The irises are dark. The legs and feet are blackish. The call of these minivet species is a thin, whistling, "tswee..tswee" or "tsip..tsip" sound.
Birds of India - Image of White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius
1.Indian birds - Image of White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius by J.M.Garg

Indian birds - Picture of White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius
2.Birds of India - Image of White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius by Mhtrivedi

Birds of India - Photo of White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius
3.Indian birds - Picture of White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius by Davidvraju

Indian birds - Image of White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius
4.Birds of India - Photo of White-bellied minivet - Pericrocotus erythropygius by J.M.Garg

Origin, geographical range and distribution

These white-bellied minivet species are endemic to India.

These species are distributed in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Bihar.

Ecosystem and habitat

These white-bellied minivet species do not normally occur in forests. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 1000 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include cultivated lands and fallow lands.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these species include, tropical and subtropical dry grasslands, dry savanna, tropical and subtropical dry shrublands and thorny thickets.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of this white-bellied minivet consists mainly of insects. Grasshoppers, crickets, locust, cicadas, spiders and beetles are their primary food. They feed from the ground as well as from the branches of shrubs.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these white-bellied minivets is from June to October in most parts of India. These birds are monogamous and strongly territorial.

The nesting sites includes branches of shrubs and small trees. The breeding pair build a small cup-like structure with grass and plant fiber. The nest is lined with soft grass. The clutch contains 2-4 eggs.

Migration and movement patterns

These minivet species are non-migrant resident birds. They disperse locally after breeding. They also show nomadic behavior.

Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

White-bellied minivet - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Pericrocotus erythropygius
  • Species author: (Jerdon, 1840)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Muscicapa erythropygia Jerdon, 1840
  • Family: Campephagidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: White-bellied minivet, Chinese: 白腹山椒鸟, French: Minivet à ventre blanc, German: Weißbauch-Mennigvogel, Spanish: Minivet ventriblanco, Russian: Белобрюхий длиннохвостый личинкоед, Japanese: シロハラサンショウクイ
  • Other names: White-bellied Minivet
  • Distribution: endemic to India
  • Diet and feeding habits: insects, grasshoppers, crickets, cicadas, locust, beetles, spiders
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the white-bellied minivet (Pericrocotus erythropygius) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

In most of its range, this species is reported to be uncommon to rare. The generation length is not known. Its distribution size is about 2,480,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, hunting and capture of adults and juveniles for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these species.

IUCN and CITES status

The white-bellied minivet (Pericrocotus erythropygius) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the white-bellied minivet (Pericrocotus erythropygius).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Pericrocotus erythropygius
Species:P. erythropygius
Binomial name:Pericrocotus erythropygius
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The white-bellied minivet (Pericrocotus erythropygius) is closely related to the Jerdon's Minivet (Pericrocotus albifrons). Earlier P. erythropygius was considered conspecific with P. albifrons.
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1.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:White-bellied_Minivet_(Female)_I3_IMG_8066.jpg (cropped)
Image author: J.M.Garg | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (cropped)
Image author: Mhtrivedi | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
3.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (cropped)
Image author: Davidvraju | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
4.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/ (cropped)
Image author: J.M.Garg | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
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