The Sykes's nightjar (Caprimulgus mahrattensis) belongs to the family of nightjars, Caprimulgidae.
These species of nightjar are distributed in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. In United Arab Emirates vagrant Sykes's nightjars have been recorded. The Sykes's nightjar is named to commemorate Colonel William Henry Sykes, FRS (25 January 1790 – 16 June 1872), an English naturalist and ornithologist. These birds are monotypic species.
- Appearance, description and pictures
- Distribution and habitat
- Feeding and breeding habits
- Migration and conservation status
Sykes's nightjar - Overview
- Scientific name: Caprimulgus mahrattensis
- Species author: Sykes, 1832
- Synonyms/Protonym: Caprimulgus Mahrattensis Sykes, 1832
- Family: Caprimulgidae › Caprimulgiformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
- Vernacular names: English: Sykes's nightjar, Chinese: 塞氏夜鹰, French: Engoulevent de Sykes, German: Sykesnachtschwalbe, Spanish: Chotacabras de Mahratta, Russian: Козодой Сайкса, Japanese: ウスイロヨタカ
- Other names: Sindh nightjar
- Distribution: India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran
- Diet and feeding habits: flying insects, beetles, moths, locusts, crickets
- IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)
The nightjar upperparts are sandy brown with blackish brown and pale brown spotting. Their plumage resembles tree bark, dry leaves or sandy ground. They have small feet which are of little use for walking and useful only for perching. The short bill is pale gray and there are bristles around the mouth. The irises are dark blackish brown. The wings are long and narrow. Their call is a prolonged low trilling sound.
|Birds of India - Picture of Sykes's nightjar - Caprimulgus mahrattensis|
|Indian birds - Sykes's nightjar - Caprimulgus mahrattensis|
|Birds of India - Image of Sykes's nightjar - Caprimulgus mahrattensis|
Ecosystem and habitatThe Sykes's nightjar species have low forest dependence. They inhabit various ecosystems having dry open areas with trees and bushes. They inhabit open woodlands, plantations, urban parks, rural gardens, tropical moist lowlands, subtropical grasslands, inland cliffs, semi-deserts with scattered thorn scrub, dry stony scrubland and rocky areas.
The Sykes's nightjar may occur in elevations of 0 to 500 meters. The Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA) of these species in Iran is Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area. The IBA in Afghanistan are Registan desert and Hamun-i-Puzak.
Reproduction and breeding habitsThe breeding season of these bird species is from February to August in Pakistan, with a peak period during March to May. In India the breeding season is from March to May. The clutch has one or two eggs. These nightjar species lay eggs directly on the bare ground.
Conservation status and concernsThe global population size of the Sykes's nightjar (Caprimulgus mahrattensis) has not been quantified. The overall population size is considered to be stable. In most of its range this species is reported to be common. Habitat degradation, destruction and fragmentation are the main threats to the survival of these bird species. Their generation length is 5.6 years.
The Sykes's nightjar does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion. The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the Sykes's nightjar (Caprimulgus mahrattensis) and has listed it as of "Least Concern".
1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Syke%27s_Nightjar_(Little_Rann_of_Kutch_-_Indian_Wild_Ass_Sanctuary).jpg
Image author: Arjun Bharioke | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Caprimulgus_mahrattensis.JPG
Image author: Pkspks | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
3.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sykes's_Nightjar.jpg
Image author: Shrey Zala | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
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