Friday, March 30

Black drongo images

   ›      ›   Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus images
Taxonomic classification   <>   Images
The black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) belongs to the family Dicruridae under the order Passeriformes.

Black drongo taxonomy

The family Dicruridae was first described by Nicholas Aylward Vigors (1785 – 26 October 1840),an Irish zoologist and politician, in the year 1825. The family Dicruridae comprises four subfamilies, viz., Dicrurinae, Rhipidurinae, Monarchinae and Grallininae.

The subfamily Dicrurinae contained two genera, the monotypic Chaetorhynchus and Dicrurus. The genus Chaetorhynchus was recently moved to Rhipiduridae.

The genus Dicrurus was first introduced by Louis Pierre Vieillot (May 10, 1748 – August 24, 1830),a French ornithologist, in the year 1816. The genus Dicrurus comprises 25 species, including Dicrurus macrocercus.

The species Dicrurus macrocercus was first described by Louis Pierre Vieillot in the year 1817. It is polytypic and comprises seven subspecies, viz., D. m. macrocercus, D. m. albirictus, D. m. javanus, D. m. harterti, D. m. thai, D. m. cathoecus and D. m. minor.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Dicrurus macrocercus
Species:D. macrocercus
Genus:Dicrurus
Subfamily:-
Family:Dicruridae
Order:Passeriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
1.Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus 357
Image by Dr. Raju Kasambe


Dicrurus macrocercus
2.Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
Image by Balaram Mahalder

Dicrurus macrocercus
3.Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
Image by Lip Kee

Dicrurus macrocercus
4.Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
Image by Akshat Atolia

Dicrurus macrocercus
5.Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
Image by JJ Harrison

Dicrurus macrocercus
6.Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
Image by Lip Kee

Dicrurus macrocercus juvenile
7.Dicrurus macrocercus juvenile
Image by J.M.Garg

Dicrurus macrocercus egg
8.Dicrurus macrocercus egg
Image by Klaus Rassinger und Gerhard Cammerer
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1.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Black_Drongo_(Dicrurus_macrocercus)_IMG_7702_(1)..JPG (cropped)
Author: Dr. Raju Kasambe | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/29/18
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Black_Drongo.jpg (cropped)
Author: Balaram Mahalder | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/29/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/lipkee/2478446998/ (cropped)
Author: Lip Kee | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/29/18
4.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (cropped)
Author: Akshat Atolia | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 3/29/18
5.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dicrurus_macrocercus_-_Bueng_Boraphet.jpg (cropped)
Author: JJ Harrison | License: CC BY 3.0 as on 3/29/18
6.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/lipkee/2111862841/ (cropped)
Author: Lip Kee | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/29/18
7.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org(cropped)
Author: J.M.Garg | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/29/18
8.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dicrurus_macrocercus_MWNH_1288.JPG (cropped)
Author: Klaus Rassinger und Gerhard Cammerer | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/29/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus images.
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Thursday, March 29

Black drongo

   ›      ›   Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus

The black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) belongs to the family of drongos, the Dicruridae.

The black drongo species is distributed in Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, China and Taiwan. These drongo species are aggressive and fearless birds. These drongos are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Black Drongo Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) is a medium-sized drongo, measuring 28 to 31 cm in length. Both males and females look alike.

The black drongo has overall blackish plumage. In adults, there is usually a small white spot at the base of the gape. The tail feathers are long and forked. The juveniles are brownish with white barring and streaking at the belly and vent region.

The bill is short, slightly down curved and dark gray in color. The irises are dark brown. The feet are short and gray. The call of these drongo species is a loud, whistling "wee-tee-hee" sound.
Indian birds - Photo of Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
1.Birds of India - Image of Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus by Balaram Mahalder


Birds of India - Image of Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
2.Indian birds - Image of Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus by Dr. Raju Kasambe

Indian birds - Image of Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus
3.Birds of India - Image of Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus by Lip Kee

Origin, geographical range and distribution

These black drongos are distributed in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, China and Taiwan.

In India, these species have been observed in all the states. Vagrants have been observed in Iran, Oman and UAE.

The black drongo nominate subspecies D. m. macrocercus is distributed in southeast Pakistan and peninsular India (Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Telangana, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa, Tamil Nadu and Kerala).

The subspecies D. m. albirictus is distributed in east Afghanistan, north Pakistan, central and north India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, northeast India, north Myanmar and southern China. The subspecies D. m. minor is distributed in Sri Lanka.

The black drongo subspecies D. m. cathoecus is distributed in central, east and south China, Myanmar, north Thailand, and north Indochina. Wintering populations occur in south Thailand, south Indochina, Malaysia and Singapore.

The black drongo subspecies D. m. thai is distributed in south Myanmar, Thailand and south Indochina. The subspecies D. m. harterti is distributed in Taiwan. The subspecies D. m. javanus is distributed in Indonesia (Java and Bali).

Ecosystem and habitat

These black drongo species do not normally occur in forests. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 1500 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include agricultural fields, heavily degraded forests and urban areas.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these black drongo species include tropical and subtropical dry grasslands, tropical and subtropical moist shrublands, dry savanna and dry shrublands.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these black drongo species consists mainly of insects. Insects, caterpillars, grasshoppers, crickets, cicadas, locust, dragonflies, moths, beetles, termites, ants, wasps and bees are their primary food. They hawk flying insects.

These drongo species follow cattle in pastures to catch the insects flushed out. They also follow the plough to pick exposed ground dwelling insects and insect larvae. They occasionally feed on small vertebrates.

Though they are welcomed by farmers for feeding on agricultural pest insects, their habit of preying on honey-bees makes them a nuisance to bee-keepers.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these black drongos is from March to June in Pakistan. The laying season is from March to August in India with a peak period from April to June. Sometimes a second brood is raised. Their courtship includes aerial and ground displays.

These drongo species are monogamous and highly territorial. They defend the breeding territory aggressively and fearlessly. They confront large birds of prey by pecking and mobbing them.

The nesting site is usually a fork of tree branch. The nest is a cup-like structure made with a thin layer of sticks and twigs. The clutch normally contains three or four off-white eggs with scattered black spots and blotches.

Both of the black drongo parents incubate the eggs. The chicks hatch out after 14-15 days. The chicks are altricial, born in an undeveloped state requiring brooding and feeding by the parents. The young fledge after about 18 to 20 days of growth.

Migration and movement patterns

These black drongo species are partially migratory birds. The migratory breeding populations (subspecies D. m. albirictus and D. m. cathoecus) occur in northern parts of their breeding range. These populations migrate southwards in September and October for wintering.

The other black drongo subspecies are non-migratory resident birds. They disperse locally after breeding. The populations in higher altitudes descent to lower levels during winter.

Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. Within their range they may make local movements for feeding and breeding.

Black drongo - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Dicrurus macrocercus
  • Species author: Vieillot, 1817
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Dicrurus macrocercus Vieillot, 1817
  • Family: Dicruridae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Black drongo, Chinese: 黑卷尾, French: Drongo royal, German: Königsdrongo, Spanish: Drongo real, Russian: Чёрный дронго, Japanese: オウチュウ, Indonesian: Srigunting Hitam
  • Other names: King drongo
  • Distribution: Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, China, Taiwan
  • Diet and feeding habits: insects, grasshoppers, crickets, locust, cicadas, beetles, dragonflies
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is not known.

In most of its range, this black drongo species is reported to be locally common. The generation length is not known. Its distribution size is about 26,100,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, loss of insect populations due pesticide use, hunting for food and trapping for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these species.

IUCN and CITES status

The black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Dicrurus macrocercus
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Dicruridae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Dicrurus
Species:D. macrocercus
Binomial name:Dicrurus macrocercus
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) is closely related to the fork-tailed drongo or African drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis). The black drongo was earlier considered conspecific with the fork-tailed drongo.

The seven recognized subspecies of the black drongo are: D. m. macrocercus Vieillot, 1817, D. m. albirictus (Hodgson, 1836), D. m. javanus Kloss, 1921, D. m. harterti E. C. S. Baker, 1918, D. m. thai Kloss, 1921, D. m. cathoecus Swinhoe, 1871 and D. m. cathoecus Swinhoe, 1871.
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1.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Black_Drongo.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Balaram Mahalder | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/29/18
2.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Black_Drongo_(Dicrurus_macrocercus)_IMG_7702_(1)..JPG (cropped)
Image author: Dr. Raju Kasambe | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/29/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/lipkee/2478446998/ (cropped)
Image author: Lip Kee | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/29/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Black drongo - Dicrurus macrocercus.
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Wednesday, March 28

Eurasian golden oriole photos

   ›      ›   Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus photos
Taxonomic classification   <>   Photos
The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) belongs to the family Oriolidae under the order Passeriformes.

Eurasian golden oriole taxonomy

The family Oriolidae was first described by Nicholas Aylward Vigors (1785 – 26 October 1840), an Irish zoologist and politician, in the year 1825. The family Oriolidae comprises two extinct genera and three extant genera, viz., Sphecotheres, Pitohui and Oriolus.

The genus Oriolus was first introduced by Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, in 1766 in the twelfth edition of his Systema Naturae. The type species is Oriolus oriolus (Coracias oriolus).

The genus Oriolus comprises twenty nine species, including Oriolus oriolus. The species Oriolus oriolus was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the year 1758.

The species Oriolus kundoo was earlier considered as a subspecies of O. oriolus. Pamela Rasmussen and John Anderton treated them as separate species in 2005 and it was further supported by molecular phylogenetic study published in 2010.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Oriolus oriolus
Species:O. oriolus
Genus:Oriolus
Subfamily:-
Family:Oriolidae
Order:Passeriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
1.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus 333
Photo by XimoGalarza


Oriolus oriolus
2.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
Photo by Michel Idre

Oriolus oriolus
3.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
Photo by Paco Gómez

Oriolus oriolus
4.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
Photo by Crusier

Oriolus oriolus nest
5.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus nest
Photo by Ivan Medenica

Oriolus oriolus
6.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
Photo by Paco Gómez

Oriolus oriolus
7.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
Photo by Kookaburra 81

Oriolus oriolus
8.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
Photo by Kaeptn chemnitz

Oriolus oriolus
9.Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
Photo by Pawel Ryszawa
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1.Eurasian golden oriole photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oriol.jpg (cropped)
Author: XimoGalarza | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/27/18
2.Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/montagne_pyrnes/14468217780/ (cropped)
Author: Michel Idre | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 3/27/18
3.Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/saganta/5915339746/ (cropped)
Author: Paco Gómez | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/27/18
4.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oriolus_oriolus_Warsaw_zoo.jpg (cropped)
Author: Crusier | License: CC BY 3.0 as on 3/27/18
5.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oriolus_oriolus_2.jpg (cropped)
Author: Ivan Medenica | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 3/27/18
6.Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/saganta/5915338874/ (cropped)
Author: Paco Gómez | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/27/18
7.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oriolus_oriolus_-_Tarn.jpg (cropped)
Author: Kookaburra 81 | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 3/27/18
8.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pirol_m.jpg (cropped)
Author: Kaeptn chemnitz | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 3/27/18
9.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oriolus_oriolus_Warsaw.jpg (cropped)
Photo author: Pawel Ryszawa | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 3/27/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus photos.
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Tuesday, March 27

Eurasian golden oriole

   ›      ›   Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus

The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) belongs to the family of Old World orioles, the Oriolidae.

The Eurasian golden oriole species is distributed in western, central and southern Europe, central Asia, west Asia, northern Africa and southern Africa. These oriole species winter in central and southern Africa. These orioles are monotypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Eurasian Golden Oriole Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) is a medium-sized typical golden oriole, measuring 23 to 26 cm in length and weighing 40 to 100 grams. These species are sexually dimorphic.

The male Eurasian golden oriole has golden-yellow head. The lores are black and extend only up to the eye. The upperparts and entire underparts are rich golden-yellow. The velvet black wings have golden-yellow patch. The primary coverts are also golden-yellow.

The female golden orioles have brown and yellow vermiculated upperparts and white underparts with brown streaks. The undertail coverts are yellow. The tail is blackish and plain.

The bill is moderately long, slightly down curved and pinkish red in color. The tip of the upper mandible is curved. The irises are dark brown. The legs are gray. The call of these Eurasian golden oriole species is a loud, fluty whistling "weeka-weela-weeo-wee-ooo" sound.
Indian birds - Photo of Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
1.Birds of India - Photo of Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus by Michel Idre


Birds of India - Photo of Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
2.Indian birds - Photo of Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus by XimoGalarza

Indian birds - Image of Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus
3.Birds of India - Photo of Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus by Paco Gómez

Origin, geographical range and distribution

These Eurasian golden orioles are distributed in western, central and southern Europe, central Asia, west Asia, northern Africa and central and southern Africa.

Vagrants have been observed in India, Madagascar, Seychelles, Niger, Congo, Benin, Lesotho, Mali, Gabon, São Tomé e Príncipe, Ireland, Iceland and Faroe Islands (Denmark).

Ecosystem and habitat

These Eurasian golden oriole species have high forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 2400 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include plantations, rural gardens, orchards and urban areas.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these Eurasian golden oriole species include open woodlands, tropical and subtropical dry forests, mixed broadleaf woodlands, tropical and subtropical moist montane forests, riverine forests, dry savanna and dry shrublands.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these Eurasian golden oriole species consists mainly of small invertebrates. Insects, grasshoppers, dragonflies, ground beetles, scarab beetles, wasps, bees, spiders, fruits and berries are their primary food.

These Eurasian golden orioles occasionally feed on plant material like seeds, nectar, pollen and buds. In rare occasions they may take small lizards, small mammals, eggs and nestlings.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these Eurasian golden orioles is from May to early July in most of the breeding territory. The nesting site is usually a thin, horizontal forked branch, high in the periphery of tree canopy with thick foliage.

The Eurasian golden oriole nest is a suspended hammock-like structure built on horizontal forked branch. Much of the nest building is done by the female. The nest is built with plant fibers, sedges, reeds, leaves, twigs and strips of bark. The nest is lined with fine grass, feathers and wool.

The typical Eurasian golden oriole clutch contains three to five white or cream colored eggs with black spots. The female incubates the eggs and broods the hatchlings. The chicks hatch out after 16-17 days and fledge after 17-18 days. The parents feed the young and protect them.

Migration and movement patterns

These Eurasian golden oriole species are fully migratory birds. The breeding populations occur in western, central and southern Europe, central Asia, west Asia and northwest Africa.

These populations migrate southwards to central and southern Africa during August and September for wintering. During this period, passage birds can been seen all over the north Africa. The return migration to the breeding grounds occurs in early spring.

Eurasian golden oriole - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Oriolus oriolus
  • Species author: (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Coracias Oriolus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Family: Oriolidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Eurasian golden oriole, Chinese: 金黄鹂, French: Loriot d’Europe, German: Pirol, Spanish: Oropéndola europea, Russian: Иволга, Japanese: ニシコウライウグイス, Arabic: العين
  • Other names: European Golden Oriole, Golden oriole, Western Eurasian Golden-Oriole
  • Distribution: western, central and southern Europe, central Asia, northern Africa, southern Africa
  • Diet and feeding habits: small invertebrates, plant material, small lizards, small mammals, eggs and nestlings
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) is estimated at 17,480,000 to 32,000,000 mature individual birds. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.

In most of its range, this Eurasian golden oriole species is reported to be locally common. The generation length is 3.7 years. Its distribution size is about 26,600,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, deforestation, hunting for food and sport hunting are the main threats that are endangering the survival of these Eurasian golden oriole species.

IUCN and CITES status

The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the golden oriole species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Oriolus oriolus
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Oriolidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Oriolus
Species:O. oriolus
Binomial name:Oriolus oriolus
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) is closely related to the Indian golden oriole (Oriolus kundoo), African golden oriole (Oriolus auratus), black-naped oriole (Oriolus chinensis) and slender-billed oriole (Oriolus tenuirostris). Earlier it was considered conspecific with Oriolus kundoo.
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Chestnut-headed bee-eater Rufous-necked hornbill
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Brown-fronted woodpecker Pied triller

1.Eurasian golden oriole photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/montagne_pyrnes/14468217780/ (cropped)
Photo author: Michel Idre | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 3/27/18
2.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oriol.jpg (cropped)
Photo author: XimoGalarza | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/27/18
3.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/saganta/5915339746/ (cropped)
Photo author: Paco Gómez | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/27/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Eurasian golden oriole - Oriolus oriolus.
Contact State Tourism or travel agents for bird watching and wildlife tours.

Monday, March 26

Woodchat shrike images

   ›      ›   Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator images
Taxonomic classification   <>   Images
The woodchat shrike (Lanius senator) belongs to the family Laniidae under the order Passeriformes.

Woodchat shrike taxonomy

The Laniidae is a family of thirty-one species. It is polytypic and contains four genera, viz., Lanius, Eurocephalus, Corvinella and Urolestes.

The Laniidae was first described by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz (October 22, 1783 – September 18, 1840), a zoologist, botanist, writer and polyglot, in the year 1815.

The genus Lanius is polytypic and comprises 29 species, including Lanius senator. The genus Lanius was first introduced by Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, in the year 1758.

The species Lanius senator was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the year 1758. The species Lanius senator is polytypic and comprises four subspecies, viz., Lanius senator senator Linnaeus, 1758, Lanius senator rutilans Temminck, 1839, Lanius senator niloticus (Bonaparte, 1853) and Lanius senator badius Hartlaub, 1854.
Taxonomic classification
Binomial name:Lanius senator
Species:L. senator
Genus:Lanius
Subfamily:-
Family:Laniidae
Order:Passeriformes
Class:Aves
Phylum:Chordata
Kingdom:Animalia
Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator
1.Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator 388
Image by Juan Emilio


Lanius senator
2.Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator
Image by Dûrzan cîrano

Lanius senator
3.Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator
Image by Dûrzan

Lanius senator
4.Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator
Image by Katya

Lanius senator
5.Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator
Image by chausinho

Lanius senator
6.Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator
Image by Francesco Veronesi

Lanius senator
7.Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator
Image by gailhampshire

Lanius senator
8.Lanius senator juvenile
Image by Francesco Veronesi

Lanius senator
9.Lanius senator eggs
Image by Didier Descouens
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1.Woodchat shrike image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/juan_e/8587246504/ (cropped)
Author: Juan Emilio | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/25/18
2.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lanius_senator-2.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Dûrzan cîrano | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/25/18
3.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sersor.jpg (cropped)
Author: Dûrzan | License: CC BY-SA 3.0 as on 3/25/18
4.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/katunchik/14109207521/ (cropped)
Author: Katya | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/25/18
5.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/chausinho/2427010881/in/set-72157600950852011/ (cropped)
Author: chausinho | License: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 as on 3/25/18
6.Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Woodchat_Shrike_-_Estremadura_-_Spain_2091_(19950943291).jpg (cropped)
Author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/25/18
7.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/gails_pictures/22671290933/ (cropped)
Author: gailhampshire | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 3/25/18
8.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/14760575193/ (cropped)
Author: Francesco Veronesi | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 3/25/18
9.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lanius_senator_MHNT.ZOO.2010.11.214._Jebsheim_Haut_Rhin.jpg (cropped)
Author: Didier Descouens | License: CC BY-SA 4.0 as on 3/25/18
Current topic in Birds of India: Woodchat shrike - Lanius senator images.
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