Sunday, October 1

Sirkeer malkoha

   ›      ›   Sirkeer malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii

The sirkeer malkoha (Taccocua leschenaultii) belongs to the family of cuckoos and malkohas, Cuculidae.

The sirkeer malkoha species are distributed in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. These malkoha species are non-parasitic and build their own nests. These malkohas are polytypic species.
Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Sirkeer Malkoha Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The sirkeer malkoha (Taccocua leschenaultii) is a medium-sized malkoha, measuring about 45 cm in length and weighing about 175 grams.

The adult sirkeer malkoha has sandy brown head, neck, throat and upperparts. The breast and belly region are sandy-rufous. The long tail is brown and graduated. The tail feathers have broad white tips.

The bill of the sirkeer malkoha is hooked, bright cherry-red in color with yellow tip. The irises are blackish. The feet are pale gray.

Both the male and female have similar plumage. The juveniles have duller plumage. Their call is an occasional shrieking, "kek..kek..kek" or a subdued "bzuk..bzuk" sound.
Indian birds - Picture of Sirkeer malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii
1.Birds of India - Image of Sirkeer malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii by Ramuktihor

Advertisement

Photos
Birds of India - Photo of Sirkeer malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii
2.Indian birds - Picture of Sirkeer malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii by Srikaanth Sekar

Indian birds - Image of Sirkeer malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii
3.Birds of India - Photo of Sirkeer malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii by J.M.Garg

Origin, geographical range and distribution

These sirkeer malkoha species are distributed in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

In India, these sirkeer malkoha species are distributed in most of the states. But they are very rare or absent in the desert regions of Rajasthan, snow-bound regions of northwestern India and also most of northeast region of India.

The sirkeer malkoha nominate subspecies T. l. leschenaultii is distributed in southern India and Sri Lanka. The subspecies T. l. sirkee is distributed in Pakistan and northwest India.

The malkoha subspecies T. l. infuscata is distributed in sub-Himalayan India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. Their southern distribution is limited to south central Maharashtra, northern Telangana and northern Andhra Pradesh.

The Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA) of the sirkeer malkohas in Nepal are, Bardia National Park, Chitwan National Park, Dharan forests, Ghodaghodi Lake, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve and Barandabhar forests and wetlands.

Ecosystem and habitat

These sirkeer malkoha species have moderate forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 1000 meters. Their artificial ecosystems and habitats of include tea and rubber plantations.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these malkoha species include tropical and subtropical dry lowland forests, dry deciduous secondary forests, dry montane forests and dry shrublands.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of sirkeer malkoha consists mainly of large insects. Caterpillars, grasshoppers, crickets, mantids, locust, caterpillars, cicadas, termites are their primary food.

These malkohas are known to prey on lizards. They also feed on berries and fruits. They forage mainly on the ground. Occasionally, they glean their prey from the foliage and branches of trees.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of the sirkeer malkoha species is from June to September in India. The laying season is during June and July in Sri Lanka. They are monogamous and territorial.

The nesting sites include thorny bushes like Euphorbia spp. or fork and branches of short trees, 2 to 7 meters above the ground. The nest is a shallow saucer of twigs and sticks, lined with green leaves.

Both of the malkoha pair take part in nest building, incubation and care of young. The typical clutch contains two white eggs of chalky texture. The hatchlings are altricial, born blind, naked and incapable of movement.

Migration and movement patterns

These sirkeer malkoha species are non-migratory, resident birds. The birds in higher altitudes move to lower levels and plains during winter.

Post breeding, the juvenile malkohas may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. They may make local movements for feeding and breeding within their range.

Sirkeer malkoha - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Taccocua leschenaultii
  • Species author: Lesson, 1830
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Taccocua Leschenaultii Lesson, 1830
  • Family: Cuculidae › Cuculiformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Sirkeer malkoha, Chinese: 短嘴地鹃, French: Malcoha sirkir, German: Sirkarkuckuck, Spanish: Malcoha sirkir, Russian: Индийская кустарниковая кукушка, Japanese: タテフバンケンモドキ, Tamil: Chevvaayan
  • Other names: Sirkeer Malkoha
  • Distribution: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
  • Diet and feeding habits: grasshoppers, crickets, mantids, locust, caterpillars, cicadas, termites, lizards, berries, fruits, seeds
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the sirkeer malkoha (Taccocua leschenaultii) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of these species is considered to be stable.

Throughout its range, this malkoha species is reported to be uncommon to rare. The generation length is 4.2 years. Its distribution size is about 3,960,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration and destruction, deforestation and capture for pet-trade are the main threats that may endanger the survival of these malkoha species.

IUCN and CITES status

The sirkeer malkoha (Taccocua leschenaultii) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the malkoha species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for sirkeer malkoha (Taccocua leschenaultii).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Taccocua leschenaultii
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Cuculiformes
Family:Cuculidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Taccocua
Species:T. leschenaultii
Binomial name:Taccocua leschenaultii
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The sirkeer malkoha (Taccocua leschenaultii) are lumped into genus Phaenicophaeus by some authors.

The three recognized subspecies of the sirkeer malkoha (Taccocua leschenaultii) are: Taccocua leschenaultii leschenaultii Lesson, 1830, Taccocua leschenaultii infuscata Blyth, 1845 and Taccocua leschenaultii sirkee (J. E. Gray, 1831).
Popular posts in Birds of India
Grey-headed lapwing Common snipe
Mew gull Andaman cuckoo-dove
Pied avocet Collared owlet
Lineated barbet White-browed piculet
Western hooded pitta Common woodshrike
White-breasted woodswallow Marshall's iora
Andaman cuckooshrike Long-billed dowitcher
Red-wattled lapwing Lesser black-backed gull
Silver-breasted broadbill Blue pitta
Malabar woodshrike Ashy woodswallow
Common iora Large (Indian) cuckooshrike
Laughing dove Fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo
Brown wood owl Little swift
River lapwing Swinhoe's snipe
Small pratincole Little gull
Eastern spotted dove Asian (western) koel
Tawny owl Great barbet
Yellow-rumped honeyguide Eurasian wryneck
Square-tailed drongo-cuckoo Red turtle dove
Black-headed gull Collared pratincole
Wood snipe Indian thick-knee
Eurasian oystercatcher Great thick-knee
Crab-plover Beach thick-knee
Ibisbill Black-winged stilt
Long-tailed broadbill Common (Grey-capped) emerald dove
Blue-naped pitta Large woodshrike
Yellow-wattled lapwing Great snipe
Franklin's gull Barred cuckoo-dove
Northern lapwing Himalayan owl
Brown-headed barbet Speckled piculet

1.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sirkeer_Malkoha,_Hyderabad,_India.jpg (cropped)
Image author: Ramuktihor | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/srikaanth-sekar/7832811280/ (cropped)
Image author: Srikaanth Sekar | License: CC BY-SA 2.0 as on 10/1/17
3.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sirkeer_Malokha_I_IMG_8725.jpg (cropped)
Image author: J.M.Garg | License: CC BY-SA 3.0
Current topic in Birds of India: Sirkeer malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii.
Contact State Tourism or travel agents for bird watching and wildlife tours.