Friday, September 22

Andaman cuckooshrike

   ›      ›   Andaman cuckooshrike - Coracina dobsoni

The Andaman cuckooshrike (Coracina dobsoni) belongs to the family of trillers, minivets and cuckooshrikes, Campephagidae.

The Andaman cuckooshrike species are endemic to the Andaman Islands in India. The IUCN has listed these cuckooshrike species as "Near Threatened". These cuckooshrikes are monotypic species.

Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Andaman Cuckooshrike Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The Andaman cuckooshrike (Coracina dobsoni) is a small-sized cuckooshrike, measuring 20 to 25 cm in length.

The adult male cuckooshrike has gray head, nape, upperparts and rump. The tail is long and dark gray without white tips. The throat and upper breast are gray. The belly and vent region are white with strong black barring.

The bill is dark gray. The irises are red. The feet are dark gray. Their call is a loud, piercing sound.

Presently image is not available.

Origin, geographical range and distribution

These Andaman cuckooshrike species are endemic to India.

In India, these cuckooshrike species are distributed in North, Middle, and South Andaman Islands and Little Andaman Islands.

Ecosystem and habitat

These cuckooshrike species have moderate forest dependence. These species normally occur in altitudes from 0 to 100 meters.

The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include plantations and heavily degraded tropical and subtropical forests.

The natural ecosystems of these cuckooshrike species include tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests, evergreen forests, swamps, marshes and tropical and subtropical mangrove forests.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of Andaman cuckooshrike consists mainly of insects. Beetles, cicadas, crickets, grasshoppers, mantids, moths, termites, spiders and insect imagoes and larvae are their primary food.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these cuckooshrike species is during April and May in Andaman Islands.

Migration and movement patterns

These cuckooshrike species are non-migratory resident birds.

Post breeding, the juveniles may disperse and establish in new locations within the range. They may make local movements for feeding and breeding within their range.

Andaman cuckooshrike - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Coracina dobsoni
  • Species author: (Ball, 1872)
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Graucalus Dobsoni Ball, 1872
  • Family: Campephagidae › Passeriformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Vernacular names: English: Andaman cuckooshrike, Chinese: 安达曼鹃鵙, French: Échenilleur des Andaman, German: Andamanenraupenfänger, Spanish: Oruguero de las Andamán, Russian: Andaman cuckooshrike, Japanese: アンダマンオオサンショウクイ
  • Other names: Andaman Cuckooshrike
  • Distribution: India
  • Diet and feeding habits: insects, insect larvae, beetles, grasshoppers, locust, cicadas, crickets, moths, butterflies, mantids, termites
  • IUCN status listing: Near Threatened (NT)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the Andaman cuckooshrike (Coracina dobsoni) is estimated to number 6,000 to 15,000 mature individual birds. The overall population trend of these species is reported to be decreasing.

Throughout its range this cuckooshrike species is reported to be uncommon to rare. The generation length is 4.6 years. Its distribution size is about 10,100 sq.km.

Habitat destruction, logging operations and deforestation are the main threats that may endanger the survival of these species.

IUCN and CITES status

The Andaman cuckooshrike (Coracina dobsoni) is approaching the thresholds for being Vulnerable under the range size criterion, under the population trend criterion and under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as "Near Threatened".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for Andaman cuckooshrike (Coracina dobsoni).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Coracina dobsoni
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Coracina
Species:C. dobsoni
Binomial name:Coracina dobsoni
IUCN status listing:
Near Threatened
The Andaman cuckooshrike (Coracina dobsoni) is closely related to bar-bellied cuckooshrike (Coracina striata).
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