Saturday, March 14

Chinese pond heron

   ›      ›   Chinese pond heron - Ardeola bacchus.

The Chinese pond heron (Ardeola bacchus) belongs to the family Ardeidae. The Chinese pond heron species breed in Eastern Russia, Eastern China, Japan, Northeast India and North Myanmar. These heron species winter in Andaman Islands, Malay Peninsula, Indochina and Indonesia.

Taxonomy

  • Scientific Name: Ardeola bacchus
  • Common Name: Chinese pond heron
  • French: Crabier chinois; German: Bacchusreiher; Spanish: Garcilla china;
  • Other names: Buphus bacchus, Bonaparte, 1855
  • Family: Ardeidae › Pelecaniformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • Species author: (Bonaparte, 1855)
The Chinese pond heron is closely related to Ardeola grayii (Indian) A. idae (Madagascar), A. ralloides (squacco) and A. speciosa (Javan).

Indian birds - Chinese pond heron - Ardeola bacchus
Indian birds - Chinese pond heron - Ardeola bacchus

Description

The Chinese pond heron is medium sized bird, measuring 40 to 52 cm in length with a wingspan of 80 to 90 cm. It has a white wing and yellow bill with black tip. The legs and eyes are colored yellow. The head, throat and neck are brick red in breeding plumage. The back has bluish grey breeding plumage.

Habitat

These bird species inhabit paddyfields, swamps, lakes, riverbanks, saltwater wetlands, mangroves and tidal flats.

Feeding habits

The Chinese pond heron species feed on insects, fish and crustaceans.

Breeding

The Chinese pond heron species nest in mixed heron colonies. It lays a clutch of 3–6 blue-green eggs. Parents incubate the eggs and feed the young ones.

Distribution

Breeding populations of Chinese pond heron species occur in Eastern Russia, Eastern China, Japan, Northeast India and North Myanmar. These bird species winter in Andaman Islands, Malay Peninsula, Indochina and Indonesia.

Movement Patterns

They are migratory birds, breeding in northern regions and migrating southwards for wintering.

Status and conservation

These bird species have vast range and big populations are seen in breeding grounds. Habitat degradation may be the threat in the near future.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated these bird species and has listed them as of "Least Concern".

Biological classification of Ardeola bacchus
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Pelecaniformes
Family:Ardeidae
Subfamily:-
Genus:Ardeola
Species:A. bacchus
Binomial name:Ardeola bacchus
Distribution: China,East Asia, Indian Subcontinent;
Feeding habits:frogs, insects, aquatic invertebrates, fish, molluscs,;
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern

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Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chinese_Pond_Heron_in_Summer.jpg
http://www.flickr.com/photos/49296659@N00/27755203/
Author: Kclama | License: CC BY-SA 2.0
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