The swamp francolin (Francolinus gularis) belongs to the family Phasianidae. The swamp francolin is distributed in the floodplain and valleys of Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers in India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Now these species are considered extirpated in Bangladesh.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has categorized and evaluated these francolin species and has listed them as of "Vulnerable".
The males and females of these francolin look alike in plumage. But males measure about 30cm and are larger than the females. The upper plumage is brown barred with buff. The underparts are brown with white stripes. The throat is bright rust red and the feet are dull red.
These birds inhabit marshes and edges of wetlands. They feed on seeds, insects, cereals, grains, bulbs and tubers. These birds appear monogamous and breed during February and May.
|Indian birds - Swamp francolin - Francolinus gularis|
|Biological classification of Francolinus gularis|
|Binomial name:||Francolinus gularis|
|Distribution:||northcentral and northeast India and Nepal;|
|Feeding habits:||seeds, insects, roots, bulbs, fruits, cereals and leaves;|
|IUCN status listing:||Vulnerable|
Image source: wikipedia.org/wiki/ File:Francolinus_gularis_hm.jpg
Author: Hume and Marshall | License: Public domain
Current topic in Birds of India: Swamp francolin - Francolinus gularis.