Oriental plover

   ›      ›   Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus

The oriental plover (Charadrius veredus) belongs to the family of plovers and lapwings, the Charadriidae.

The oriental plover is distributed in Russia, Mongolia, China, Indo-china, Indonesia and Australia. The plover species is fully migratory. This plover is a monotypic species.

Overview & Quick Facts Description & Identification
Pictures of Oriental Plover Distribution & Range
Ecosystem & Habitat Diet & Feeding Behavior
Breeding Habits Migration & Movement Patterns
Conservation & Survival IUCN Status
Taxonomy & Classification Bird World

Appearance, physical description and identification

The oriental plover (Charadrius veredus) is a medium-sized plover, measuring 20 to 25 cm in length and weighing 90 to 100 grams. The wingspan 45 to 55 cm.

The male breeding oriental plover has whitish or pale creamy head and neck. There is a dark brown patch at the rear of the crown. The upperparts are brown. There is a whitish supercilium.

The breast is chestnut and there is broad black band at its lower edge. The rest of the underparts are white. The non-breeders and juveniles have brown head, crown, nape and the upperparts.

The bill is black. The irises are brownish. The legs and feet are yellow, orange or green. The plover's call is a sharp drawn whistling "chip-chip-chip" sound.
Bird world - Image of Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus
1.Bird world - Image of Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus by Ron Knight

Bird world - Image of Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus
2.Bird world - Image of Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus by Ron Knight

Bird world - Image of Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus
3.Bird world - Image of Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus by Charles Davies

Bird world - Image of Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus
4.Bird world - Image of Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus by Geoff Whalan

Origin, geographical range and distribution

The oriental plover species is distributed Russia, Mongolia, China, Hong Kong (China), Vietnam, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Australia and Christmas Island (Australia).

Vagrant populations of these species occur in Japan, Thailand, India, Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Fiji, New Zealand and Greenland (Denmark).

The Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA) of these plover species in Australia are, Roebuck Bay, Eighty Mile Beach, Mandora Marsh, Lake Argyle, Lake Sylvester System and Lake Gregory.

Ecosystem and habitat

The oriental plover species do not normally occur in forests. They normally occur in altitudes between 0 to 1000 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include pasturelands.

The natural ecosystems and habitats of these species include tropical and subtropical dry grasslands, deserts, semi-deserts, inland wetlands, freshwater lakes, rivers, rocky areas and intertidal mudflats.

Diet and feeding behavior

The diet of these species consists mainly of invertebrates. Insects larvae, termites, beetles, grasshoppers, crickets, locust, snails and seeds are their primary food.

Like many plovers, they feed with a running, stopping and pecking action. They glean the vegetation and probe the ground for the prey. They may form small foraging flocks.

Reproduction and breeding habits

The breeding season of these plover species is from April to July. They are monogamous and form highly dispersed solitary breeding pairs. The females take care of the brood.

The breeding habitats include arid elevated areas, grasslands with short grass, mountain ridges and extensive open upland flat grounds with sparse vegetation such as moss, lichen or short grass.

Migration and movement patterns

These oriental plover species are fully migratory birds. The breeding populations occur in western, northern and eastern Mongolia and the adjoining Russia and China.

They leave the breeding ground by the end of July and migrate to northern Australia for wintering. Passage birds have been observed in eastern China, Indo-China and Indonesia. The return migration takes place between February and March.

Oriental plover - Quick Facts

  • Scientific name: Charadrius veredus
  • Species author: Gould, 1848
  • Synonyms/Protonym: Charadrius veredus Gould, 1848
  • Family: Charadriidae › Charadriiformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
  • , Vernacular names: English: Oriental plover, Chinese: 东方鸻, French: Pluvier oriental German: Steppenregenpfeifer, Spanish: Chorlitejo asiático grande, Russian: Восточный зуёк , Japanese: オオチドリ
  • Other names: Oriental Plover, Eastern Plover, Eastern Sand Plover
  • Distribution: Russia, Mongolia, China, Australia
  • Diet and feeding habits: invertebrates, snails, insects, insect larvae, seeds
  • IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation and survival

The global population size of the oriental plover (Charadrius veredus) is estimated to be about 160,000 individual birds. The overall population trend of the species is unknown.

In most of its range, this species is reported to be locally uncommon to rare. The generation length is 5.2 years. Its distribution size is about 1,800,000 sq.km.

Habitat alteration, human disturbance, pollution and climate change are the main threats that are endangering the survival of this species.

IUCN and CITES status

The oriental plover (Charadrius veredus) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable, either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".

The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for the oriental plover (Charadrius veredus).
Taxonomy and scientific classification of Charadrius veredus
Species:C. veredus
Binomial name:Charadrius veredus
IUCN status listing:
Least Concern
The oriental plover (Charadrius veredus) is closely related to the Charadrius asiaticus and Charadrius montanus.
Popular posts in Bird World
Red-billed blue magpie images Slender-billed oriole
White-bellied drongo White-browed fantail
Eurasian jay Indian courser
Wood sandpiper Black-bellied tern
Mountain imperial-pigeon Rufous woodpecker
Crow-billed drongo Andean siskin
Horned screamer American black duck
Andaman green pigeon Boreal owl
Coppersmith barbet Darjeeling woodpecker
Small minivet Eurasian woodcock

1.Oriental plover image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/sussexbirder/8074121362/in/photostream/ (cropped)
Image author: Ron Knight | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/10/18
2.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/sussexbirder/8074121988/ (cropped)
Image author: Ron Knight | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 10/10/18
3.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/130781198@N06/30768379893/ (cropped)
Image author: Charles Davies | License: CC BY-NC 2.0 as on 10/10/18
4.Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/geoffwhalan/15404585766/in/photostream/
Image author: Geoff Whalan | License: CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 as on 10/10/18

Detailed description and information on distribution, habitat, behavior, feeding and breeding habits, migration and conservation status of beautiful birds with their images.
Recently updated and current topic in Bird World: Oriental plover - Charadrius veredus.
Contact State Tourism or travel agents for bird watching and wildlife tours.